Use Foreach Loop in Multidimensional Array in PHP

  1. Use the foreach Loop to Access Elements of a Multidimensional Array in PHP
  2. Use the Nested foreach Loop to Access Elements of a Multidimensional Array in PHP
Use Foreach Loop in Multidimensional Array in PHP

This tutorial will introduce the multidimensional array in PHP. We will also learn to use the foreach loop in a multidimensional array.

Use the foreach Loop to Access Elements of a Multidimensional Array in PHP

A multidimensional array contains one or more than one array inside an array.

An array can be two-dimensional three dimensional and can have more levels of dimensions. The complexity of an array increases with the increasing dimensions, and it is hard to manage the array.

We need two indices to access the two-dimensional array and three indices to access the three-dimensional array. In this article, we will discuss the two-dimensional array.

The following code example creates a two-dimensional array.

$bikes = array (
 array("CRF300L",28,19.5),
 array("CBR600RR",70,33),
 array("KTM390 ",40,10)
 );

Output:

Array
(
 [0] => Array
 (
 [0] => CRF300L
 [1] => 28
 [2] => 19.5
 )

 [1] => Array
 (
 [0] => CBR600RR
 [1] => 70
 [2] => 33
 )

 [2] => Array
 (
 [0] => KTM390 
 [1] => 40
 [2] => 10
 )
)

The output above shows the contents of the $bikes array.

We can see the array is numerically indexed. We can utilize the foreach loop to access the array elements.

The foreach loop is a special loop that works only on the array. As we know, that array contains a pair of keys and values; the foreach loop is used to loop through the key/value pair of an array.

The syntax of the foreach loop is shown below.

foreach($array as $element){
 // statements
}

In the foreach loop, the $element variable will contain the value of the current array item for every iteration. The loop continues till the last element in the array.

In the case of the two-dimensional array, we can use the foreach loop to access the first nested array in the first iteration and so on.

For example, write the foreach loop where the array is $bikes that we created above. Write the element as $bike as shown in the example below.

Inside the loop, use echo to display the content of the nested array using the indices on the $bike variable. Use the indices as $bike[0], $bike[1] and $bike[2].

The example is shown below.

foreach ($bikes as $bike){
 echo $bike[0]."<br>";
 echo $bike[1]."<br>";
 echo $bike[2]."<br>";
 echo "<br>";
}

Output:

CRF300L
28
19.5

CBR600RR
70
33

KTM390
40
10

In this way, we can use the foreach loop to access the elements of a multidimensional array.

Use the Nested foreach Loop to Access Elements of a Multidimensional Array in PHP

In this method, we will discuss how we can access the elements of a two-dimensional array using the nested foreach loop. We can use the foreach loop over the key/value pairs in an array.

The syntax for it is shown below.

foreach($array as $key=>value){
 // statements
}

In this way, we can access the key and value of each element in an array using the foreach loop.

We can create a nested foreach loop to access all the key/value pairs in the two-dimensional array. We will use the array created above for the demonstration in this method.

For example, write the foreach loop where the $bikes variable is the array. Set the $number variable as key and the $bike variable as value.

Next, write another foreach loop inside the just created loop. In the nested loop, write the $bike variable as an array and set the $num and $value as key and value.

Inside the nested loops, print the variables $num, $number, and $value as shown in the example below. Therefore, we can use the nested foreach loop to access the elements of a multidimensional array in PHP.

Example Code:

foreach($bikes as $number => $bike)
 {
 foreach($bike as $num => $value)
 {
 print "Index ".$num." of ".$number." indexed array contains " .$value. "<br>";
 }
 }

Output:

Index 0 of 0 indexed array contains CRF300L
Index 1 of 0 indexed array contains 28
Index 2 of 0 indexed array contains 19.5
Index 0 of 1 indexed array contains CBR600RR
Index 1 of 1 indexed array contains 70
Index 2 of 1 indexed array contains 33
Index 0 of 2 indexed array contains KTM390
Index 1 of 2 indexed array contains 40
Index 2 of 2 indexed array contains 10
Subodh Poudel avatar Subodh Poudel avatar

Subodh is a proactive software engineer, specialized in fintech industry and a writer who loves to express his software development learnings and set of skills through blogs and articles.

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