Arrays or Lists and Tuples are contiguous data structures in Python. They can store elements belonging to a single data type and multiple data types together. For example, we can have a list or array or tuple that contains five integer elements, three floating-point numbers, seven class objects, two sets, and eight boolean values.
To access these elements, we can use the indexes of these elements. These data structures are 0-index based. Suppose we try to access an element at an index greater than or equal to the length of the data structure. In that case, we run into the
In this article, we will learn how to fix this issue in Python.
How to Fix the
too many indices for array error in Python
To fix the
IndexError exception, one should make sure that they don’t enter an index equal to or greater than the length of the data structure.
The approach mentioned above is an obvious one. However, we can still write a stub or a utility function to grab a value from a list or tuple. This function will ensure we get the value at an index if it exists and safely handle invalid index values. Refer to the following Python code for the same.
def get_value(structure, index): if not isinstance(index, int): return None if not isinstance(structure, (list, tuple)): return None if index >= len(structure): return None return structure[index] a = ["Hello", "World", 1, 2.0, 3.00000, True, False] print(get_value(, 4.0)) print(get_value(a, 4)) print(get_value(a, -1)) print(get_value(None, 8)) print(get_value("Hello World", "Python"))
None 3.0 False None None
Before returning the value at the specified index, the stub function above ensures that the index is of type
int, the data structure is of type
tuple, and the index is less than the length of the data structure. Once all the checks are passed, we can safely return the required value at the index.
One easier implementation of the
get_value() function would be using the
except block. Refer to the following Python code for the same.
def get_value(structure, index): try: return structure[index] except: return None a = ["Hello", "World", 1, 2.0, 3.00000, True, False] print(get_value(, 4.0)) print(get_value(a, 4)) print(get_value(a, -1)) print(get_value(None, 8)) print(get_value("Hello World", "Python"))
None 3.0 False None None
except block would return
None if anything goes wrong and an actual value if all the required conditions are successfully met.
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