Python NameError: Name Execfile Is Not Defined

Python NameError: Name Execfile Is Not Defined

  1. Alternative to execfile() in Python 3
  2. Use exec() to Execute a Python File
  3. Use with Block to Execute a Python File Using exec()

In Python 2, there is an inbuilt function execfile() in which a file is parsed and evaluated as Python statements. This function is no longer in Python 3.

This article demonstrates the possible alternative to executing a file in Python 3.

Alternative to execfile() in Python 3

In Python 2, we use the function execfile() to execute a file. In Python 3, we have a similar function called exec().

First, we will open and read the file and pass it as an argument to the exec() function.

the exec() Function in Python 3

Python exec() function executes dynamically created code block, passed as a string.

General Syntax:

#Python 3.x
exec(object, global, local)

Three parameters are required for the exec() function.

  1. An object can be a string or multiple-line code.
  2. A global parameter can be a dictionary.
  3. A local can be a mapping dictionary.

Both local and global parameters are optional. Also, the exec() is a void function and does not return any value.

The below code demonstrates the basic working of this function. The string "programming is fun" is printed in the following code.

Three mathematical operations are performed and are passed individually to the exec() function.

Similarly, we can add multiple lines to a string, and each line is parsed, considered as Python statements, and executed.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
exec('print("programming is fun")')
exec('x=4; y=9; print("Multiplication:", x*y)')
w = 200
exec('print(w == 200)')
exec ('print(w / 100)')

Output:

programming is fun
Multiplication: 36
True
2.0

Use exec() to Execute a Python File

Now, if we want to execute an external Python file in our code, we first need to open the file, read it and pass it to the exec() function as an argument.

Here we have created a file, myfile.py in our relative directory, which contains the following code.

#Python 3.x
print("Delftstack")

To execute this file in our Python code, we will open it first using open(), then read it using the read() function, and finally, run it using the exec() function.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
exec(open("myfile.py").read())

Output:

Delftstack

Use with Block to Execute a Python File Using exec()

The with block safely closes the file (automatically) when it reaches the end of the block, ensuring that none of the files remains open.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
with open("myfile.py", 'r') as f:
	exec(f.read())

Output:

Delftstack
Author: Fariba Laiq
Fariba Laiq avatar Fariba Laiq avatar

I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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