# How to Convert Letter to Number in Python

Vaibhhav Khetarpal Feb 02, 2024

This tutorial demonstrates the different ways available to convert letters to numbers in Python.

First, let us explain how converting a letter of the alphabet to a number is possible.

The term `ASCII`, an acronym for `American Standard Code for Information Interchange`, is essentially a standard capable of assigning letters, numbers, and some other characters in the 8-bit code that contains a maximum of 256 available slots.

Each character, no matter if it is a digit `(0-9)` or a letter `(a-z) or (A-Z)` has an `ASCII` value assigned to it, which can simply be utilized to figure out the number or the value that any letter of the alphabet holds.

To explain this tutorial, we will take a string of letters of the alphabet and convert it to a list of numbers.

## Use the `ord()` Function to Convert Letters to Numbers in Python

The `ord()` function in Python is utilized to return the `Unicode`, or in this case, the `ASCII` value of a given letter of the alphabet. We will apply the `ord()` function to the letters and subtract `96` to get the accurate `ASCII` value.

The following code uses the `ord()` function to convert letters to numbers in Python.

``````l = "web"
n = []
for x in l:
n.append(ord(x) - 96)
print(n)
``````

The above code provides the following output:

``````[23, 5, 2]
``````

## Use `list comprehension` to Convert Letters to Numbers in Python

`List comprehension` is a comparatively shorter and refined way to create lists that are to be formed based on the values given of an already existing list.

The code can pretty much be finished with a one-liner by using list comprehension here.

The following code uses list comprehension to convert letters to numbers in Python.

``````l = "web"
n = [ord(x) - 96 for x in l]
print(n)
``````

The above code provides the following output:

``````[23, 5, 2]
``````

Vaibhhav is an IT professional who has a strong-hold in Python programming and various projects under his belt. He has an eagerness to discover new things and is a quick learner.