Solve AttributeError: 'Nonetype' Object Has No Attribute 'Group' in Python

Solve AttributeError: 'Nonetype' Object Has No Attribute 'Group' in Python

  1. Cause of AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python
  2. Use try-except to Solve AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python
  3. Use if-else to Solve AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python

Python regular expression (regex) matches and extracts a string of special characters or patterns. In Python, the regex AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' arises when our regular expression fails to match the specified string.

In this article, we will take a look at possible solutions to this type of error.

Cause of AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python

Whenever we define a class or data type, we have access to the attributes associated with that class. But suppose we access the attributes or properties of an object not possessed by the class we defined.

In that case, we encounter the AttributeError saying the 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group'. The NoneType refers to the object containing the None value.

This type of error also occurs in a case when we set a variable initially to none. The following program is for searching for the uppercase F at the beginning of a word.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
import re
a="programmig is Fun"
for i in a.split():
    b=re.match(r"\bF\w+", i)
    print(b.group())

Output:

#Python 3.x
AttributeError                            Traceback (most recent call last)
C:\Users\LAIQSH~1\AppData\Local\Temp/ipykernel_2368/987386650.py in <module>
      3 for i in a.split():
      4     b=re.match(r"\bF\w+", i)
----> 5     print(b.group())

AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group'

This error is raised because the regular expression cannot match the specified letter in the string in the first iteration. Thus, when we access group(), the compiler shows an AttributeError because it belongs to the object of type None.

Use try-except to Solve AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python

One method to eliminate this error is using exception handling in your code. In this way, the except block will handle the error.

Now consider the previous program, and we will add the try-except block as follows.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
import re
a="programmig is Fun"
for i in a.split():
    b=re.match(r"\bF\w+", i)
    try:
        print(b.group())
    except AttributeError:
        continue

Output:

#Python 3.x
Fun

Now we see that our program works fine. The keyword continue is used here to skip where b returns none, jumps to the next iteration, and searches for a word that begins with F.

Hence, the term Fun prints in the output.

Use if-else to Solve AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' in Python

Another simple solution to avoid the 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'group' error is to use the if-else statement in your program. The following program checks the numbers in the string ranging from 1 to 5.

Since there is no number to match the regular expression, it results in an AttributeError. But using the if-else block, we can avoid the error.

If the condition is not satisfied, the statement in the else block executes when no matches are found.

#Python 3.x
import re
a = "foo bar 678 baz"
x = r".* ([1-5]+) .*"
matches = re.match(x, a)
if matches:
    print(matches.group(1))
else:
    print("No matches!")

Output:

#Python 3.x
No matches!
Author: Fariba Laiq
Fariba Laiq avatar Fariba Laiq avatar

I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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