How to Compress String in JavaScript

Anika Tabassum Era Feb 02, 2024
  1. Use js-string-compression to Compress String in JavaScript
  2. Use the LZString Library to Compress String in JavaScript
How to Compress String in JavaScript

In JavaScript, there can be a wide range of compression, the compression of files like gzip, and many more. Here, we will discuss two ways of compressing a string.

Initially, we will highlight the Huffman algorithm. And later, we will cover the LZString way of solving the task.

Use js-string-compression to Compress String in JavaScript

We will first set up a folder consisting of a file (okay.js). We are using VSCode for the code editor, and in its terminal, we will write the following command.

npm i js-string-compression

This will add the necessary package needed to implement the Huffman algorithm. Once the packages are installed, you will have a package.json and package-lock.json file in the root directory.

The package.json should look similar to the following.

  "dependencies": {
    "js-string-compression": "^1.0.1"

In the next stage, we will write our basic code, defining a string and setting the parameters that we want to check. Let’s check the code lines.

Code Snippet:

var jsscompress = require('js-string-compression');
var raw_text =
    'Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry.';
var hm = new jsscompress.Hauffman();
var compressed = hm.compress(raw_text);
console.log('before compressed: ' + raw_text);
console.log('length: ' + raw_text.length);
console.log('after compressed: ' + compressed);
console.log('length: ' + compressed.length);
console.log('decompressed: ' + hm.decompress(compressed));


Use js-string-compression to Compress String

Use the LZString Library to Compress String in JavaScript

For compressing your string via the LZString library, we need to have an HTML file and a js file. The LZString is a Perl implementation (lz-string) to compress strings.

To import the dependencies, we can follow up the command line below in our terminal of the root directory, where we have our HTML and js files.

npm install -g lz-string

Next, we will create an HTML file named new.html and a new.js file. We will also create another file called lz-string.js, where we will store the LZString implementation.

For the full code, we considered this repository.

Now, we will write some lines in our new.js, and the preview is similar to the below.

Code Snippet:

var string =
    'Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry.';
console.log('Size of sample is: ' + string.length);
var compressed = LZString.compress(string);
console.log('Size of compressed sample is: ' + compressed.length);
string = LZString.decompress(compressed);
console.log('Sample is: ' + string);

After prepping the new.js file, we will import the lz-string.js and new.js to the new.html file. When we open the HTML file in the browser, the output would be similar to the one below.


Use LZString to Compress String

As it can be noticed, if we compare both of the solutions, the LZString implementation gives a better output. It was dedicatedly evolved and designed to solve issues in larger cases where you can store huge-sized data in server storage.

Anika Tabassum Era avatar Anika Tabassum Era avatar

Era is an observer who loves cracking the ambiguos barriers. An AI enthusiast to help others with the drive and develop a stronger community.

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