Java.Net.SocketException: Network Is Unreachable

Mehvish Ashiq Jan 30, 2023 Jul 15, 2022
Java.Net.SocketException: Network Is Unreachable

Today, we will discuss the possible reasons and solutions for the Network is unreachable exception while programming in Java.

Possible Reasons and Solution for Network is unreachable in Java

Example Code (Causing an Error):

//import required libraries

//Main class
public class Main {

    //download method
    static void downloadXML (String webUrl, String file) throws IOException{

        //create object
        FileWriter xmlFileWriter;
        xmlFileWriter = new FileWriter(file);
        System.out.println("URL used for downloading the file is : " + webUrl);

        // this statement throws an Exception
        BufferedReader inputTextReader = new BufferedReader (
                new BufferedReader(
                        new InputStreamReader(
                                new URL(webUrl).openStream())));

        //create and initialize variables
        String string ;
        String fileInString = "";
        string = inputTextReader.readLine();

        //read file
        while (string != null  ){
            fileInString += (string + "\r\n");
            string = inputTextReader.readLine();

        //write file
        System.out.println("The File is Downloaded");
    }//end download() function

    //main method
    public static void main(String[] args){
        }catch(IOException exception){
    }//end main

}//end Main class

In this code, we pass the URL and the fileName to the downloadXML() method that reads the .xml file from the specified URL and writes it into the given fileName, which is further saved on our local system.

Though this code example is syntactically and semantically correct but generates the Network is unreachable exception. The error is self-explanatory that tells us the network is not available at the current moment.

The reason causing this error is the connection breakdown. It can happen in Wi-Fi, 3G, or plain internet connection on the machine (computer/laptop).

Whenever we get this error, we must assume that the internet connection is not stable and may be lost from time to time while writing our application.

For instance, this happens with mobiles frequently when we are in the basements or tube, etc. It also happens while using apps on a PC/laptop, but it is less frequent.

The second reason can be incorrect Port and/or HostName. Make sure both are correct.

Additionally, you must remember two more things that can help in error identification.

  1. First, you will get a error if you are completely disconnected from the internet

  2. Usually, the Network is unreachable differs from the Timeout Error. In the Timeout Error, it can’t even find where it should go.

    For instance, there can be a difference between having our Wi-Fi card off and no Wi-Fi.

Firstly, perform the usual fiddling with the firewall to ensure that the required port is open. Then, have a look into the network issues that you might have.

Turn off the firewalls and eliminate the obstacles such as routers and complications to make it work in the simplest scenario possible since it is a network-related issue, not code related problem.

Mehvish Ashiq avatar Mehvish Ashiq avatar

Mehvish Ashiq is a former Java Programmer and a Data Science enthusiast who leverages her expertise to help others to learn and grow by creating interesting, useful, and reader-friendly content in Computer Programming, Data Science, and Technology.

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