Python os.getcwd() Method

Python os.getcwd() Method

  1. Syntax of the os.getcwd() Method
  2. Example Codes: Working With the os.getcwd() Method in Python
  3. Example Codes: Create a New File and Use the os.getcwd() Method in Python
  4. Example Codes: Check the Return Type of the os.getcwd() Method in Python

Python os.getcwd() method is an efficient way of knowing the location of the current working directory of any process. Every process executing on an OS has an associated working directory.

Syntax of the os.getcwd() Method

os.getcwd()

Parameters

This method does not take any parameters.

Return

The return type of this method is a path string containing the path address of the current working directory.

Example Codes: Working With the os.getcwd() Method in Python

import os

directory = os.getcwd()

print("Your current working directory is:", directory)

Output:

Your current working directory is: /home

A file descriptor fd is an integer value that is abstract in nature and acts as a handle to perform various lower-level I/O operations like read, write, send, etc.

Example Codes: Create a New File and Use the os.getcwd() Method in Python

import os

print("Your current working directory is:")

print(os.getcwd())

file_name = "File.txt"

create = open(file_name, "w+")

print("The full path of the new file is:")

print(os.path.realpath(file_name))

os.mkdir('New_Directory')

os.chdir('New_Directory')

print("Your current working directory after changing it is:")

print(os.getcwd())

Output:

Your current working directory is:
/home
The full path of the new file is:
/home/File.txt
Your current working directory after changing it is:
/home/New_Directory

Note that the os.getcwd() method returns an absolute path of the current working directory. It has a similar working to os.path.abspath().

If you require the entire path address, use the os.path.realpath() method.

Example Codes: Check the Return Type of the os.getcwd() Method in Python

import os

directory = os.getcwd()

print(directory)

print(type(directory))

Output:

/home
<class 'str'>

If no process or file is in the OS, then a FileNotFoundError is returned by this method. In other cases, if the user doesn’t have the necessary permissions to access a directory, then a PermissionError is returned.

Musfirah Waseem avatar Musfirah Waseem avatar

Musfirah is a student of computer science from the best university in Pakistan. She has a knack for programming and everything related. She is a tech geek who loves to help people as much as possible.

LinkedIn

Related Article - Python OS

  • Python os.set_handle_inheritable() Method
  • Python os.set_inheritable() Method
  • Python os.stat_result Class
  • Python os.renames() Method
  • Python os.get_handle_inheritable Method
  • Python os.get_inheritable Method