Developing especially complex applications can lead to crazy technical situations such as segmentation faults. This situation can happen due to different factors, and tracing the issue with your code is important.
Some of the biggest causes of segmentation faults are illegal memory location (using your code to access memory that you don’t have access to), fetching huge datasets, infinite recursion, etc. In this article, we will show you how to manage segmentation faults in Python.
settrace to Manage Segmentation Fault in Python
When faced with a
segmentation fault error, it is important to know that you will have to rewrite your code.
Knowing the part to rewrite is a good starting point. That’s where
sys.trace comes in.
sys module allows us to check some variables and interact with the interpreter, and the
settrace function allows us to trace the program execution and serves a Python source code debugger.
So with a case of
segmentation fault, we can easily trace what calls are made and when everything happens.
The trace functions are important to the whole process, taking three arguments:
frame takes the current stack frame, the
event takes a string, and the
arg takes shape depending on the event we parse.
So, within your code, you can import the
sys module, create your
trace function, and pass the
trace function through the
settrace method, which makes for a higher-order function. Then, you place your code that creates a
Let’s create a trace for a
test() function that prints two lines of code.
import sys def trace(frame, event, arg): print("%s, %s:%d" % (event, frame.f_code.co_filename, frame.f_lineno)) return trace def test(): print("Line 8") print("Line 9") sys.settrace(trace) test()
call, c:\Users\akinl\Documents\Python\segment.py:7 line, c:\Users\akinl\Documents\Python\segment.py:8 call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18 line, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 return, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 Line 8call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18 line, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 return, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 line, c:\Users\akinl\Documents\Python\segment.py:9 call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18 line, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 return, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 Line 9call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18 line, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 return, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:19 return, c:\Users\akinl\Documents\Python\segment.py:9
You can see the
event occurring with each line,
return. With these, you can track every action the Python interpreter is doing and the output it gives.
You can see the code outputs -
Line 8call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18 and
Line 9call, C:\Python310\lib\encodings\cp1252.py:18. Therefore, with a
segmentation fault, we can trace where the problems start and work our way from there.
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