Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

  1. the KeyError 0 Exception in Python
  2. Use the try-except Block to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python
  3. Use dict.get() to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python
  4. Use if-else to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

Every programming language encounters many errors. Some occur at the compile time, some at run time.

A KeyError is a run time error in which the code syntax is correct, but it will throw an error during the execution of the code.

the KeyError 0 Exception in Python

KeyError 0 occurs in Python’s run time when the mapping key 0 is not defined, which we try to access. The mapping key will throw a KeyError 0 exception.

A map is a kind of data structure that maps one value to another by a colon :. The dictionary is the most common type of mapping.

In the below example, only three keys with their corresponding students’ names are defined in the dictionary. If we try to access any other key in the dictionary, it will throw a KeyError.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
dict = {1: 'kelvin', 2:'Ron' , 3:'James'}
print(dict[0])

Output:

#Python 3.x
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
KeyError                                  Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-1-f0366e7afb22> in <module>()
      1 dict = {1: 'kelvin', 2:'Ron' , 3:'James'}
----> 2 print(dict[0])

KeyError: 0

Here, when we access the key 0 in the dictionary, it will generate a KeyError 0 because the key 0 is not present.

There are multiple ways to resolve KeyError 0 in Python. Below are some of the ways with their explanation and code.

Use the try-except Block to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

In this example, 0 is not defined in dict, but it will not give a KeyError 0 exception because the try-except block handles it. Instead of an error, it will print a statement in the exception block.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
dict={3:'Kelvin',5:'James',6:'Danial'}
try:
    print(dict[0])
except KeyError:
    print('key not present in the dictionary')

Output:

#Python 3.x
key not present in the dictionary

Use dict.get() to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

The get() method effectively handles KeyError. Using get(), we can return a default value or a message for the key that is not present in the dictionary.

In this example, key 0 does not exist, so it will print the default set statement: key 0 does not exist in dictionary. The method will return None if we do not provide a default value.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
dict={3:'Kelvin',5:'James',6:'Danial'}
print(dict.get(0, 'key 0 does not exist in dictionary'))

Output:

#Python 3.x
key 0 does not Exist in dictionary

Use if-else to Resolve KeyError 0 in Python

Before accessing the key 0, we can check whether the key is present in the dictionary or not by using the for loop and if-else statement, as shown in the example. It will only print the values in the dictionary against the key.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
dict={3:'Kelvin',5:'James',6:'Danial'}
for i in range(1,7):
    if i in dict:
        print(dict[i])
    else:
        continue

Output:

#Python 3.x
Kelvin
James
Danial
Author: Fariba Laiq
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I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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