AttributeError: 'NoneType' Object Has No Attribute 'Text' in Python

AttributeError: 'NoneType' Object Has No Attribute 'Text' in Python

This error happens when you try to call a method from an object that is None or not initiated. Before calling a method, you need to check if the object is None or not to eliminate this error; after that, call the desired method.

AttributeError is an exception you get while you call the attribute, but it is not supported or present in the class definition.

Causes and Solutions of the AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'text' in Python

This error is common while you’re doing web scraping or XML parsing. During the parsing, you’ll get this error if you get unstructured data.

Here are some more reasons:

  1. Data that JavaScript dynamically rendered.
  2. Scraping multiple pages with the same data.
  3. While parsing XML, if the node you are searching is not present.

Here are the common solutions you can try to get rid of the error:

  1. Check if the element exists before calling any attribute of it.
  2. Check the response to the request.

an Example Code

As this error often comes from web scraping, let’s see an example of web scraping. We will try to get the title of the StackOverflow website with our Python script.

Here is the code:

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup as bs
import requests
url = "https://www.stackoverflow.com/"

html_content = requests.get(url).text
soup = bs(html_content, "html.parser")

if soup.find('title').text is not None:
  print(soup.find('title').text)

Output:

Stack Overflow - Where Developers Learn, Share, & Build Careers

Here, you will notice that the if condition we used is is not None to ensure we’re calling an existing method. Now, it will not show any error such as the AttributeError.

Shihab Sikder avatar Shihab Sikder avatar

I'm Shihab Sikder, a professional Backend Developer with experience in problem-solving and content writing. Building secure, scalable, and reliable backend architecture is my motive. I'm working with two companies as a part-time backend engineer.

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