How to POST a JSON Object Using Fetch API in JavaScript

Sahil Bhosale Feb 02, 2024
How to POST a JSON Object Using Fetch API in JavaScript

The Fetch API’s fetch() method allows you to send and receive HTTP responses and requests to and from the server.

This article will discuss how to send the JSON object as a POST request to the server using the fetch() method.

POST a JSON Object Using Fetch API in JavaScript

The Fetch API allows you to access and modify the HTTP requests and responses. The Fetch API provides the fetch() method that will enable you to fetch resources asynchronously across the network.

The fetch() method takes two parameters, url and options.

The url is the endpoint to which the request is made. The options is an object with many properties, but this is an optional parameter.

You can learn more about the fetch() method on MDN.

let jsonObj = {
  firstname: 'Adam',
  lastname: 'Smith',
  mob: [111111, 888888, 999999],
  address: {state: 'Texas', country: 'USA', pincode: 123456}

Here, we will first create an object called jsonObj. This object will contain properties, such as the first name, last name, address, etc.

We aim to send this object to the server by making a POST request using the fetch() method.

We will use the, a simple HTTP request & response service, to act as a back-end server. Since we don’t have any back-end server, we will use this service and access its /post endpoint to make a POST request.

But if you have a back-end server with a POST route, you can use that server.

First, we will create a variable url to store the URL of the httpbin back-end server. After that, we also have to define some HTTP headers.

For this, we have to create an object. Here, we have defined only two headers inside the object, Accept and Content-Type, which have a value of application/json.

We are setting the values of these headers as application/json because we will be sending the JSON data over the server. In the end, we will store the object that contains headers inside a variable called headers, as shown below.

Now that we have the jsonObj, url, and headers, let’s create a function makePostRequest() to perform a POST request and send the jsonObj to the server. We will call the fetch() method inside this function.

This method will return a promise. It might take some time to resolve; we have to wait until it is resolved using the await keyword.

We will also make the makePostRequest() function an asynchronous function using the async keyword.

let url = '';
let headers = {
  'Accept': 'application/json',
  'Content-Type': 'application/json'

async function makePostRequest(url, requestType, headers) {
  await fetch(
      {method: requestType, headers: headers, body: JSON.stringify(jsonObj)},
      .then(async rawResponse => {
        var content = await rawResponse.json()

makePostRequest(url, 'POST', headers);

The makePostRequest() will take three parameters, the url, requestType, and headers. We have already created the url and headers variables that we will pass to this function as a parameter whenever we call this function.

The requestType represents the type of request we want to perform. Since we wish to make a POST request, we will pass POST as a string to this function.

As we have already seen, the fetch() method will take two parameters. So, we directly pass the url as a first parameter to the fetch() method.

We will pass another object with three properties method, headers, and body inside the second parameter. As a value to the method property will give the requestType variable, we tell the browser to perform a POST request.

Inside the headers property, we will assign the headers we have created. Here comes the important part; inside the body property, we have to pass the jsonObj we have created.

Whenever we send or receive any data to and from the server, the data should be in a specific format. The format in which the data is transferred between the server and client is either JSON or XML format.

But the most popular out of these two is the JSON string format. We can’t directly send the object jsonObj created by performing a POST request.

We first have to convert this object into a string, and then we will be able to send this object to the server.

To convert the jsonObj into a string, we must pass this object to the JSON.stringify() method. This method will convert the object into a string and assign it the body property.

After the promise returned by the fetch() method is resolved, we will print the response into the console. We will use the then() function to do this.

The then() function takes a callback function as an input. The fetch() method will return a raw response, then it will pass this raw response to the then() function, and the callback function inside then() will take it as an argument.

Fetch Post Response

Before printing the response, we will first convert it into JSON using the json() function. This might take some time to convert the rawResponse back to JSON; we will use the await keyword.

Since we use await, we must make the callback function inside then() asynchronous using the async keyword.

Finally, we will store the result inside the content variable, and then we will print the data stored inside the variable on the console as shown in the above image.

Sahil Bhosale avatar Sahil Bhosale avatar

Sahil is a full-stack developer who loves to build software. He likes to share his knowledge by writing technical articles and helping clients by working with them as freelance software engineer and technical writer on Upwork.


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