# Exponents in JavaScript

This tutorial teaches how to get the exponents of a number in JavaScript. JavaScript provides us two ways to achieve this. We can use either the `Math.pow()`

function or the exponentiation operator `**`

.

`Math.pow()`

to Get Exponent in JavaScript

The `Math.pow()`

function is used to calculate the power of a number i.e., calculate the `base`

to the power of `exponent`

(base^{exponent}). It returns `NaN`

if the `base`

is negative and the `exponent`

is not an integer. It is a static function and always used as `Math.pow()`

and not as an object of the `Math`

class.

### Syntax of `Math.pow()`

```
Math.pow(base, exponent)
```

`Math.pow()`

Parameters

`base`

: It is the base number that is to be raised.`exponent`

: It is the value used to raise the base.

### Return Value of `Math.pow()`

The `Math.pow()`

method returns (base^{exponent}).

### Example of Using `Math.pow()`

```
console.log(Math.pow(7, 2));
console.log(Math.pow(4, 0.5)));
console.log(Math.pow(7, -2));
console.log(Math.pow(-7, 2));
console.log(Math.pow(-7, 1 / 3));
```

Output:

```
49
2
0.020408163265306124
49
NaN
```

All the major browsers support this method.

## Exponentiation Operator `**`

in JavaScript

The exponentiation operator (`**`

) returns the result of raising the `base`

to the power of the `exponent`

i.e. (base^{exponent}). It is a right-associative operator and hence `a ** b ** c`

is the same as `a ** (b ** c)`

.

### Example

```
2 ** 3 // 8
NaN ** 2 // NaN
3 ** 2.5 // 15.588457268119896
10 ** -1 // 0.1
```

Its advantage is that it also supports Big Integers, but at the same time, it has the disadvantage that we have to keep negative bases in parenthesis.

**Harshit Jindal**

Harshit Jindal has done his Bachelors in Computer Science Engineering(2021) from DTU. He has always been a problem solver and now turned that into his profession. Currently working at M365 Cloud Security team(Torus) on Cloud Security Services and Datacenter Buildout Automation.

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