setCellValueFactory Method in JavaFX

MD Aminul Islam Jun 13, 2022
setCellValueFactory Method in JavaFX

TableView is a very important part of any UI; it helps to visualize data for users. When working with the table, we use the most common method, setCellValueFactory(), for creating a cell on the table.

In this article, we will discuss this method and see an example with an explanation.

Use the setCellValueFactory Method in JavaFX

In our below example, we have created a simple table with some data. The code for our example will look like the following.

// Importing all necessary packages

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.*;
import javafx.event.*;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.scene.*;
import javafx.scene.control.*;
import javafx.scene.control.cell.PropertyValueFactory;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.scene.text.Font;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FXtable extends Application {
  private TableView table = new TableView(); // Creating a table with a static class "Person"
  private final ObservableList data = FXCollections.observableArrayList(); // Creating an observable list

  private void initData() { // Method that set data to table
      // All table datas
      new Person("Alen", "Smith", ""),
      new Person("Stefen", "Johnson", ""),
      new Person("Uri", "Gagrin", ""),
      new Person("Alex", "Jones", ""),
      new Person("Hexa", "Brown", "")

   public void start(Stage stage) {
    initData(); // Set initial data to table

    stage.setTitle("JavaFx Table View"); // Set the title of the table
    stage.setWidth(450); // Set the width
    stage.setHeight(500); // Set the height

    Label label = new Label("Simple Address Table"); // Create a label
    label.setFont(new Font("Arial", 20)); // Set the font and font size

    TableColumn FirstNameCol = new TableColumn("First Name");  // Create a column named "First Name"
    FirstNameCol.setMinWidth(100); // Set the minimum column width to 100
    FirstNameCol.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("firstName")); // Populate all the column data for "First Name"

    TableColumn LastNameCol = new TableColumn("Last Name"); // Create a column named "Last Name"
    LastNameCol.setMinWidth(100); // Set the minimum column width to 100
    LastNameCol.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("lastName"));  // Populate all the column data for "Last Name"

    TableColumn EmailColl = new TableColumn("Email"); // Create a column named "Email"
    EmailColl.setMinWidth(200); // Set the minimum column width to 200
    EmailColl.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("email")); // Populate all the column data for "Last Name"

    table.getColumns().addAll(FirstNameCol, LastNameCol, EmailColl); // Add columns to table
    table.setPrefHeight(300); // Set table height

    final VBox vbox = new VBox(10); // Create a VBox
    vbox.setPadding(new Insets(10, 0, 0, 10)); // Add padding
    vbox.getChildren().addAll(label, table); // Organize the VBox with label and table

    stage.setScene(new Scene(new Group(vbox))); // Add the VBox to scene; // Visualize the scene

  public static class Person {  // Class for creating the person table
    private StringProperty FirstName;
    private StringProperty LastName;
    private StringProperty email;

    private Person ( String FName, String LName, String email )
      this.FirstName = new SimpleStringProperty(FName);
      this.LastName = new SimpleStringProperty(LName); = new SimpleStringProperty(email);

    public String getFirstName() {  // Method to get First Name
        return FirstName.get();
    public void setFirstName(String FName) {  // Method to set First Name
    public StringProperty FirstNameProperty() {  // Method to add First Name property
        return FirstName;
    public String getLastName() {  // Method to get Last Name
        return LastName.get();
    public void setLastName(String LName) {  // Method to set Last Name
    public StringProperty lastNameProperty() {  // Method to add Last Name property
        return LastName;

    public String getEmail() {  // Method to get Email
        return email.get();
    public void setEmail(String inMail) { // Method to set Email
    public StringProperty emailProperty() {   // Method to add Email property
        return email;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args); } // Launch the application.

We already commented in the code on the purpose of each line. Now, we will just discuss about the setCellValueFactory() function here.

Through the lines FirstNameCol.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("firstName"));, LastNameCol.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("lastName"));, and EmailColl.setCellValueFactory(new PropertyValueFactory("email"));, we used the setCellValueFactory() method for creating cells in our table.

Here, we created three columns named firstName, lastName, and email. This method specifies how to populate a table’s cells within a single table column.

It provides the TableColumn.CellDataFeatures instance and returns the ObservableValue instance. After compiling the above example code and running it in your environment, you will get the below output.


javafx setcellvaluefactory output

Remember, if your IDE doesn’t support the automatic inclusion of libraries and packages, you may need to manually include these necessary libraries and packages before compiling.

MD Aminul Islam avatar MD Aminul Islam avatar

Aminul Is an Expert Technical Writer and Full-Stack Developer. He has hands-on working experience on numerous Developer Platforms and SAAS startups. He is highly skilled in numerous Programming languages and Frameworks. He can write professional technical articles like Reviews, Programming, Documentation, SOP, User manual, Whitepaper, etc.


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