How to Play a Video Using JavaFX

Suraj P Feb 15, 2024
How to Play a Video Using JavaFX

This article will teach us how to make a simple video player in Java.

Here we’ll use an open-source Java-based framework JavaFX (stands for special effects in Java), which provides a collection of graphics and media packages that contains classes like Media, MediaPlayer, MediaView, and AudioClip that are used to develop Desktop applications and Rich Internet Application (RIA) which can run across various platforms.

There are some prerequisites to using JavaFX to play a video.

  1. JavaFX should be installed.
  2. SceneBuilder should be installed.

Play a Video Using JavaFX

To play a video using JavaFX, we’ll use Media, MediaPlayer and MediaView classes. We must follow the steps below to play the video files using JavaFX.

  1. Create an object of the File class with the location/path of our video file.

    File path = new File("D://movie.mp4")
  2. Create the object of the Media class with the file path as its argument to its constructor.

    Media obj = new Media(path)
  3. Create the object of the MediaPlayer class and pass the Media class created above as its argument to its constructor.

    Mediaplayer player = new MediaPlayer(obj);
  1. Create the object of the MediaView class and pass the MediaPlayer class object created above as its argument to its constructor.

    MediaView view = new MediaView(player)
  2. The last step is configuring the Scene and passing the MediaView object as the argument to the Pane class constructor.

    Scene scene = new Scene(new Pane(view), 1024, 800);

Full code:

import javafx.application.*import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.layout.Pane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class test extends Application {
  public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
    File path = new File("" D :\\movie.mp4 "");
    Media obj = new Media(path.toURI().toURL().toString());

    MediaPlayer player = new MediaPlayer(obj);

    MediaView mediaView = new MediaView(player);

    Scene scene = new Scene(new Pane(mediaView), 500, 400);

    public static void main(String[] args) {


The video will play very slowly; below is the starting screenshot of the player.

play a video using javafx - starting

Author: Suraj P
Suraj P avatar Suraj P avatar

A technophile and a Big Data developer by passion. Loves developing advance C++ and Java applications in free time works as SME at Chegg where I help students with there doubts and assignments in the field of Computer Science.

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