How to Create an Ordered Map in Java

Rashmi Patidar Feb 02, 2024
  1. Sort the Map Using the TreeMap Class in Java
  2. Create a Map Ordering Using Java 8 Functions
How to Create an Ordered Map in Java

A map is a data structure in Java that stores key and value pairs. The map is an interface present in the Collection hierarchy. These keys are unique so, no duplicate keys are allowed; however, the variables mapped to the key can have duplicate values. Classes like HashMap, LinkedHashMap, and TreeMap implement the Map interface.

Sort the Map Using the TreeMap Class in Java

Below, the program demonstrates the map ordering in the Java program.

import java.util.TreeMap;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    TreeMap<String, Integer> map = new TreeMap<String, Integer>();
    map.put("Third", 1);
    map.put("First", 2);
    map.put("Second", 3);

    for (String key : map.keySet()) {
      System.out.println(key + " ,ID = " + map.get(key));

The TreeMap class sorts the map values in ascending order. It also implements the SortedMap interface internally, so a map instance is created using a new keyword.

The datatype inside the treemap is specified at the time of instantiation. The Map key is of the String type, and its value is of the Integer type.

The put function inserts the key-value pairs in the treemap. Now, a for-each loop gets defined to iterate over the map. In Java, direct iteration over the map is not possible. So, the keys of the map are initially converted to a Set instance.

The map.keySet function returns the Set of keys present in the map. This function is in the TreeMap class and returns the ordered view of the keys present. The get function gets the value corresponding to the key.

Below is the output in ascending order.

First, ID = 2 Second, ID = 3 Third, ID = 1

Create a Map Ordering Using Java 8 Functions

Java 8 provides support for functional programming that allows users to work over the chain of functions.

Streams is an interface in the java.util package that provides an ease to work over the sequential operations in a single statement. The Streams function works in the pipeline where an emitter emits data; it gets filtered, processed, transformed, and much more, depending on the users’ needs.

package F09;

import static java.util.AbstractMap.SimpleEntry;

import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class MapOrdering {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    Map<String, String> mapSortedByKey =
            .of(new SimpleEntry<>("key3", "value1"), new SimpleEntry<>("key1", "value2"),
                new SimpleEntry<>("key2", "value3"))
            .collect(Collectors.toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue,
                (oldVal, newValue) -> oldVal, LinkedHashMap::new));

    System.out.print("Ordered List: ");
    for (String s1 : mapSortedByKey.keySet()) {
      System.out.print(" " + s1);

The Stream interface provides various functions and gets its implementation in different classes to work over them. Here, the stream of key-value pairs is formed using the new SimpleEntry class. The values are inserted in the of function to form a stream.

In the chain series, the sorted function gets called. The function takes a Comparator instance to arrange the keys in a sequence depending on the order defined. The function comparingByKey returns the comparator that compares the key in natural ascending order.

The sorted function finally returns a stream of values arranged in ascending order. The collect function of the Stream class collects the given map values in a new LinkedHashMap instance. The class preserves the insertion order of the sequence provided. The function takes the Collector instance as a parameter.

The first parameter is a supplier toMap function that creates a new container. The second parameter is BiConsumer that accumulates the value, and the last parameter is BiConsumer that acts as a combiner that merges the results. So, the LinkedHashMap::new command combines the result and returns the instance formed.

The mapSortedByKey instance now holds the sequential map elements that get iterated using the for-each loop above. The resultant map keys are printed in the standard output below.

Ordered List : key1 key2 key3
Rashmi Patidar avatar Rashmi Patidar avatar

Rashmi is a professional Software Developer with hands on over varied tech stack. She has been working on Java, Springboot, Microservices, Typescript, MySQL, Graphql and more. She loves to spread knowledge via her writings. She is keen taking up new things and adopt in her career.


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