Iterate Through a Linked List in Java

  1. Iterate Through the Linked-List Using the for Loop in Java
  2. Iterate Through the Linked List Using the Enhanced for Loop in Java
  3. Iterate Through the Linked List Using the while Loop
  4. Iterate the Linked List Using the Iterator Class in Java
  5. Iterate the Linked List Using Java8 Streams

A linked list is a linear and ordered collection of data elements. The arrangement of elements is at ubiquitous or random locations in the memory. The linked list data structure is connected using nodes. The Node holds the data field and reference link that are memory locations of the next element in the sequence.

We store the linked list elements in non-contiguous memory locations and, the last node contains a pointer to the null reference.

There are many ways to iterate over a linked list. Here are few ways mentioned below.

Iterate Through the Linked-List Using the for Loop in Java

The LinkedList class is instantiated using the new keyword in the below code example. The add() method of the LinkedList class adds an element to the list. The add method appends the specified element to the end of this list. This method is equivalent to the addLast method. The method returns true when the element gets successfully added to the list.

After the creation of the list, we use the for loop for iteration over it. In the below code, int i=0 is an instantiation of the counter variable. Use a condition indicating the variable should be less than the size of the list. And the size of the list is calculated using the size() method. At last, the value of the variable increments by one. This complete process will run until the variable value becomes more than the size of the list.

package linkedList;

import java.util.LinkedList;

public class IterateLinkedListUsingForLoop {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkedList<String> list = new LinkedList<>();
        list.add("First");
        list.add("Second");
        System.out.println("Iterating the list using for-loop");
        for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
            System.out.println(list.get(i));
        }
    }
}

The above program generates the output as given below.

Iterating the list using for-loop
First
Second

Iterate Through the Linked List Using the Enhanced for Loop in Java

The enhanced for loop is also referred to as the for-each loop and is a short-hand of the for loop.

In the below code, we should instantiate a linked list object. Then should add some elements (say String objects) to it. Now for iteration, we shall use for-each in this case.

package linkedList;

import java.util.LinkedList;

public class IteratingLinkedListUsingForEach {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkedList<String> list = new LinkedList<>();
        list.add("First");
        list.add("Second");
        for (String temp : list) {
            System.out.println(temp);
        }
    }
}

The output of the program is the same as the one in the first program.

Iterate Through the Linked List Using the while Loop

Instantiation and adding elements to the listing process will be similar in all the mentioned ways.

In the below example, the counter variable value gets instantiated to 0 outside the while loop. The while loop syntax has no place for instantiation. Now apply the condition. This checks if the variable is less than the size of the given list. It will return true, and the println() function will get executed. After that, we should increment the counter variable. The process will repeat until the variable becomes more than the list size.

package linkedList;

public class IteratingLinkedListUsingWhileLoop {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkedList<String> list = new LinkedList<>();
        list.add("First");
        list.add("Second");
        int i = 0;
        while (i < list.size()) {
            System.out.println(list.get(i));
            i++;
        }
    }
}

Iterate the Linked List Using the Iterator Class in Java

An Iterator is a class that works on looping of Collections objects. These are Array, ArrayList, LinkedList and so on. We call it an Iterator as it loops over the collection objects. One should use methods in the Iterator class to iterate over the Collections objects.

We use the iterator() method to get an Iterator for any collection. The hasNext method checks if the list has more- elements. It returns true if the iteration has more elements present.

The next method gets the next element in the loop. It returns the next present object in the iteration and throws NoSuchElementException if no-element is present in the list.

The code below demonstrates the Iterator class and its methods.

package linkedList;

public class IteratingLinkedListUsingIterator {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkedList<String> list = new LinkedList<>();
        list.add("First");
        list.add("Second");
        Iterator<String> iterator = list.iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            System.out.println(iterator.next());
        }
    }
}

Iterate the Linked List Using Java8 Streams

A stream is always formed over a Collection object. In the below program, we use the stream method for the same. Functions get applied over the chain of stream functions. The forEach is a terminal operation. It means that one cannot perform any operation after a terminal function. It takes a consumer stream, and this stream does not emits elements rather consumes them.

The below code shows the use of Java8 streams and their function to iterate over the list.

package linkedList;

public class IteratingLinkedListUsingStreams {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkedList<String> list = new LinkedList<>();
        list.add("First");
        list.add("Second");
        list.stream().forEach((element) -> {
            System.out.println(element);
        });
    }
}
Contribute
DelftStack is a collective effort contributed by software geeks like you. If you like the article and would like to contribute to DelftStack by writing paid articles, you can check the write for us page.

Related Article - Java List

  • Initialize List of String in Java
  • Convert an Array to a List in Java