# Binary Number Addition in Java

Sheeraz Gul
Sep 22, 2022

This tutorial demonstrates how to perform binary addition in Java.

## Binary Number Addition in Java

The binary numbers are the combinations of 1 and 0 and are not added the same as the arithmetic numbers. The rules for the addition of binary numbers are:

```
0 + 0 = 0
0 + 1 = 1
1 + 0 = 1
1 + 1 = 10. For this, the 1 will carry forward.
1 (carry forwarded) + 1 + 1 = 11 and the 1 will carry forward again.
```

Let’s try to implement a program based on these rules which can perform binary addition:

```
package delftstack;
import java.util.Scanner;
public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args){
long Binary_Number1;
long Binary_Number2;
int x = 0;
int Carry_Forward = 0;
//The array to hold the result
int[] Binary_Sum = new int[10];
//To take the inputs
Scanner Input_Scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.print("Please enter the first binary number: ");
Binary_Number1 = Input_Scanner.nextLong();
System.out.print("Please enter the second binary number: ");
Binary_Number2 = Input_Scanner.nextLong();
//closing scanner
Input_Scanner.close();
while (Binary_Number1 != 0 || Binary_Number2 != 0) {
Binary_Sum[x++] = (int)((Binary_Number1 % 10 + Binary_Number2 % 10 + Carry_Forward) % 2);
Carry_Forward = (int)((Binary_Number1 % 10 + Binary_Number2 % 10 + Carry_Forward) / 2);
Binary_Number1 = Binary_Number1 / 10;
Binary_Number2 = Binary_Number2 / 10;
}
if (Carry_Forward != 0) {
Binary_Sum[x++] = Carry_Forward;
}
--x;
System.out.print("The result for addition is: ");
while (x >= 0) {
System.out.print(Binary_Sum[x--]);
}
System.out.print("\n");
}
}
```

The code above will take two inputs of the binary numbers and add them. See the output:

```
Please enter the first binary number: 1010101
Please enter the second binary number: 111111
The result for addition is: 10010100
```

Author:

**Sheeraz Gul**Sheeraz is a Doctorate fellow in Computer Science at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian, China. He has 7 years of Software Development experience in AI, Web, Database, and Desktop technologies. He writes tutorials in Java, PHP, Python, GoLang, R, etc., to help beginners learn the field of Computer Science.

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