Python os.get_terminal_size() Method

Python os.get_terminal_size() Method

  1. Syntax of Python os.get_terminal_size() Method
  2. Example 1: Use os.get_terminal_size() to Get the Terminal Size
  3. Example 2: The os.get_terminal_size() Raises an OSError

The get_terminal_size() method is a part of the os module. The os is a Python module containing various methods and system calls that enable us to interact with the operating system.

As the name suggests, the get_terminal_size() method returns the size of the terminal window associated with the passed file descriptor.

Syntax of Python os.get_terminal_size() Method

os.get_terminal_size(fd = STDOUT_FILENO)

Parameters

Type Description
fd integer A file descriptor associated with a terminal. The default value is set to STDOUT_FILENO, which stands for standard output.

Returns

The get_terminal_size() method returns an object of class terminal_size. This class is a subclass of the class tuple.

The object represents a tuple of 2 values, columns and lines. These two values represent the size of the terminal window.

Example 1: Use os.get_terminal_size() to Get the Terminal Size

Create a Python file and enter the following Python code into it. Next, open any terminal and execute the Python file using this command python <filename>.py.

import os

size = os.get_terminal_size()
print(size)

Output:

os.terminal_size(columns=120, lines=30)

As we can see, the output returns the number of columns and the number of lines (or rows) in the terminal. Try resizing the terminal and executing the code to see changes in the output.

Note that this will only work if any terminal is open in the system.

Example 2: The os.get_terminal_size() Raises an OSError

If the file descriptor is not associated with any terminal, the get_terminal_size() raises an OSError, which signifies a system-related error. To learn more about the OSError, refer to the official Python documentation here.

A better and more secure way to use the get_terminal_size() method would be using the try and except blocks. Refer to the following Python code.

import os

try:
    size = os.get_terminal_size()
    print(size)
except OSError:
    print("Please open a terminal.")

If a terminal window is not open, Please open a terminal. will be the output; otherwise, it will output the size of the terminal window. Note that we are explicitly catching the OSError in the above Python snippet.

Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar

Vaibhav is an artificial intelligence and cloud computing stan. He likes to build end-to-end full-stack web and mobile applications. Besides computer science and technology, he loves playing cricket and badminton, going on bike rides, and doodling.

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