Python os.dup2() Method

Python os.dup2() Method

  1. Syntax of Python os.dup2():
  2. Example Code: Use the os.dup2() Method to Copy a File Descriptor to Another

The dup2() method belongs to the os module. The os module contains implementations for various functions to communicate and work with the operating system.

The dup2() method copies a file descriptor to another and returns the new file descriptor.

Syntax of Python os.dup2():

os.dup2(fd, fd2, inheritable = True)

Parameters

Parameters Type Description
fd1 integer A file descriptor associated with a valid resource.
fd2 integer A file descriptor associated with a valid resource.
inheritable boolean A flag to set the returned file descriptor as inheritable

Return

The dup2() method returns a file descriptor.

The fd2 file descriptor is closed, and the fd1 file descriptor is duplicated to the fd2 file descriptor, and based on the flag, fd2 is set to inheritable or not. The fd2 file descriptor is the returned object.

Example Code: Use the os.dup2() Method to Copy a File Descriptor to Another

import os

path = "a.txt"
f1 = os.open(path, os.O_RDONLY)
f2 = os.open("b.txt", os.O_RDONLY)
print("Status before duplicating:", os.path.sameopenfile(f1, f2))
f2 = os.dup2(f1, f2)
print("Status after duplicating:", os.path.sameopenfile(f1, f2))
os.close(f1)
os.close(f2)

Output:

Status before duplicating: False
Status after duplicating: True

The Python code above first opened two different files. To prove that the two file descriptors are different, we used the sameopenfile() method that returns a Boolean result and checks if the two file descriptors are the same or not.

Then, we copied the f1 file descriptor to f2 with the help of the dup2() method. This method closes the b.txt file and duplicates f1 to f2.

Next, the sameopenfile() method proves that both the file descriptors point to the same resource. Lastly, both file descriptors are closed.

Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar

Vaibhav is an artificial intelligence and cloud computing stan. He likes to build end-to-end full-stack web and mobile applications. Besides computer science and technology, he loves playing cricket and badminton, going on bike rides, and doodling.

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