Fix the Unhashable Type numpy.ndarray Error in Python

Fix the Unhashable Type numpy.ndarray Error in Python

Vaibhav Vaibhav Apr-14, 2022 Dec-28, 2021 Python Python Error

Python dictionary is a robust and scalable data structure that stores data in the form of key-value pairs. In key-value pairs, unique key points to some value, and there are no limitations to what the value is. A value can be an integer, a floating-point number, a boolean, a list of numbers, a class object, a list of class objects, a tuple, a dictionary, and many more. Whereas there are some limitations to what a key can be.

The essential condition for a key is that it should be a hashable object. A hashable object refers to an object which once defined, can not be further modified during its lifetime or immutable and can be represented with a unique hash value. A hash value is a unique integer value.

Data types such as int, float, str, tuple, and class objects are immutable objects. It means that they can be safely used as keys in dictionaries. Problems arise when we are not particular about the data type of keys. For example, if we try to use a list or a numpy.ndarray as a key, we will run into TypeError: unhashable type: 'list' and TypeError: unhashable type: 'numpy.ndarray' errors respectively.

In this article, we will learn how to avoid this error for NumPy arrays.

Fix the unhashable type numpy.ndarray Error in Python

We have to convert a NumPy array to a data type that can be safely used as a key to fixing this error. And, in the case of arrays and lists, a tuple is the way to go. Refer to the following Python code for the same.

import numpy as np

dictionary = {}
n = np.array([1.234, 21.33, 3.413, 4.4, 15.0000])
n = tuple(n) # Conversion
dictionary[n] = "Hello World"
print(dictionary)

Output:

{(1.234, 21.33, 3.413, 4.4, 15.0): 'Hello World'}

Python’s in-built tuple() method will perform the necessary conversion for the iterable object.

Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar Vaibhav Vaibhav avatar

Vaibhav is an artificial intelligence and cloud computing stan. He likes to build end-to-end full-stack web and mobile applications. Besides computer science and technology, he loves playing cricket and badminton, going on bike rides, and doodling.

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