We will introduce the Python
time module and its functions in Python with examples. We will also introduce different methods that can be used related to time in Python with examples.
Python Time Module
time module provides a library for reading, representing, and resetting time data in various ways. In Python, date, time, and date-time are all objects, so we’re manipulating objects rather than strings or timestamps whenever we manipulate them.
We’ll talk about the
time module in this tutorial, which allows us to handle numerous tasks in real-time. The time module belongs to the EPOCH convention, which denotes the beginning of time.
Time on the Unix system EPOCH began on January 1, 1970, at 12:00 a.m. and ended on December 31, 2038.
Type the following code to determine the EPOCH time value on your machine. Importing time is essential; the program cannot work without it, as shown below.
# python import time print(time.gmtime(0))
As you can see, it displays the time of the beginning of the EPOCH.
Now, let’s discuss what is a
tick in Python.
tick in Python
tick is a floating-point value measured in seconds, representing a time interval. We have Daylight Saving Time (DST) when the clock changes one hour forward in the summer and back in the fall.
The time function module in Python has many time functions that we utilize in our programming activities. When working on different Python platforms, different scenarios arise that necessitate the use of specific time functions.
Now, let’s discuss some functions that our time module provides with easy-to-use examples that will help us understand the usage and advantages of these functions in our python applications.
time.time() Function in Python
The core function of the
time module is
time(). As a floating-point value, it counts the number of seconds since the epoch (1970).
# python import time print("Seconds passed since the epoch are : ", time.time())
As you can see from the above example, it returned the total number of seconds from 1970.
Now, let’s imagine if we want to find the number of seconds it took to complete a particular process.
The time function is also used to find the time in seconds between the two points. So, let’s go through an example in which we will add the waiting time using the
time.sleep() function in seconds, as shown below.
# python import time Start= time.time() print("Time is consuming in working process...") time.sleep(6) End = time.time() print("Time consumed in working process: ",End - Start)
As you can see from the above example, we can easily get the time consumed for any process using starting and ending times. Now, let’s discuss another function that is
time.ctime() in detail.
time.ctime() Function in Python
time.time() method accepts an input of “seconds since the epoch” and converts it to a human-readable string based on the current time. It provides the present time if no parameter is supplied.
When we need to find the time after a given time, this program will instruct us on how to do so. This software will tell you the time after a set time has passed.
# python import time print('The present time is :', time.ctime()) Updated = time.time() + 120 print('After 60 secs from present time :', time.ctime(Updated))
As you can see from the above example, we can quickly get the future time by giving
ctime() the number of seconds for which we want the time.
We will now discuss another useful function,
time.sleep() Function in Python
time.sleep() function pauses the current thread’s execution for seconds. To acquire a more accurate sleep time, use a floating number of points as input.
sleep() function can be applied when we wait for a file to finish or the data to publish.
Now, let’s go through an example in which the
ctime() function is used to present the current time, and then the
sleep() function is used to pause the execution for a specific time.
# python import time print (" Execution Time is :",end="") print (time.ctime()) print ('Waiting time is 6 sec.') time.sleep(6) print (" Exicution Time ends at : ",end="") print (time.ctime())
As you can see from the above example, using the
time.sleep() function, we can make a process wait for as many seconds as we want. As shown in the above results, the function will work fine after the wait is over.
Now we will discuss a class
time module in detail.
time.struct_time Class in Python
The single data structure is
time.struct_time in the
time module. It features a named tuple structure and can be obtained via indexes or attribute values.
- This class is useful when you need to access a specific date.
gmtime(), and return the
struct_timeobjects are among the functions provided by this class
Let’s go through an example and check how we can use it in our applications.
# python import time print('Present local time:', time.ctime()) time = time.localtime() print('Days according to monthly:', time.tm_mday) print('Days according to week :', time.tm_wday) print('Days according to year :', time.tm_yday)
As you can see from the above example, we can quickly get days according to month, week, and year using different methods. Now, we will discuss another useful function,
time.strftime() provided by the
time module in Python.
time.strftime() Function in Python
The second argument to this method is a tuple or struct time, which transforms into a string using the format provided over the first parameter.
# python import time PRESENT = time.localtime(time.time()) print("Current date time is: ",time.asctime(PRESENT)) print(time.strftime("%y/%m/%d %H:%M", PRESENT)) print(time.strftime("%a %b %d", PRESENT)) print(time.strftime("%c", PRESENT)) print(time.strftime("%I %p", PRESENT)) print(time.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S %Z", PRESENT))
As you can see from the above example, we can get different time formats using this function. In this tutorial, we discussed many valuable functions in the time module.
- Wait 5 Seconds in Python
- clock() and time() Methods of the Time Module in Python
- Sleep Milliseconds in Python
- Calculate Time Elapsed in Python