Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python

Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python

  1. Use <= to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python
  2. Use the issubset() Function to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python
  3. Use the all() Function to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python
  4. Conclusion

In Mathematics, we have sets representing a collection of mathematical objects like numbers, variables, and more. They can have a different subset, another set containing all the elements of another set (called the superset).

In Python, we have the set object representing sets and performing different set-related operations. It is an unordered collection of items that contain no duplicate elements.

This tutorial will discuss verifying that one set is a subset of another in Python.

Use <= to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python

In Python, we can perform different mathematical comparisons for sets. The <= operator can check if a set is a subset of another set in Python.

Example:

s1 = {1,3}
s2 = {5,6,8,1,3,4}
print(s1 <= s2)

Output:

True

We can use the set() function to explicitly convert other iterables to a set. This function is helpful when working with other objects like lists, and we want to check whether an object contains the elements of another object.

Remember, the duplicate elements get removed in a set.

See the code below.

s1 = [1,3]
s2 = [5,6,8,1,3,4]
print(set(s1) <= set(s2))

Output:

True

Use the issubset() Function to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python

The issubset() function checks if a set is a subset of another set. If another iterable is passed to this function, it will temporarily convert it to a set and return True or False accordingly.

See the code below.

s1 = {1,3}
s2 = {5,6,8,1,3,4}
print(s1.issubset(s2))

Output:

True

Use the all() Function to Check if a Set Is a Subset of Another Set in Python

The all() function takes an iterable and returns True if all the elements of this object are True. We can iterate through a list and compare every element to check if it is present in another list using the in operator.

If all the elements return True, then the all() function will return True, confirming that list one is a subset of list two; else, it returns False.

We implement this in the code below.

s1 = {1,3}
s2 = {5,6,8,1,3,4}
ch = [i in s2 for i in s1]
print(all(ch))

Output:

True

Conclusion

To conclude, we have discussed how to verify that a set is a subset of another set in Python. The first two methods involved set operations.

The <= operator and the issubset() function directly return True or False. The final method involves checking all elements individually and then giving the result.

Author: Manav Narula
Manav Narula avatar Manav Narula avatar

Manav is a IT Professional who has a lot of experience as a core developer in many live projects. He is an avid learner who enjoys learning new things and sharing his findings whenever possible.

LinkedIn

Related Article - Python Set

  • Join Two Sets in Python
  • Add Values to a Set in Python
  • Convert Set to String in Python
  • Python Set Pop() Method
  • Create a Set of Sets in Python