Solve Quadratic Equations in Python

Preet Sanghavi Mar 22, 2022
  1. Import the math Library in Python
  2. Calculate the Discriminant Value to Solve Quadratic Equation in Python
Solve Quadratic Equations in Python

This tutorial demonstrates how to solve quadratic equations in Python.

Import the math Library in Python

We must import the math library to get started.

import math

We will take the three coefficients of a quadratic equation to solve the equation.

a = 1
b = 5
c = 6

Calculate the Discriminant Value to Solve Quadratic Equation in Python

We will now use the above three coefficient values to calculate the value of our discriminant. The formula to calculate the discriminant value is shown in the code below.

d = b**2-4*a*c

We now have the value of our discriminant to solve the equation. Based on the value of the discriminant, we can divide our problem into three cases.

If the value of d is less than zero, we do not have a real solution if the value is exactly equal to zero, we have only one solution, and if the value is greater than zero, we will have 2 solutions for our equation. We code this as below.

if d < 0:
    print ("No real solution")
elif d == 0:
    s = (-b + math.sqrt(d)) / (2 * a)
    print ("The solution is: ", s)
    s1 = (-b + math.sqrt(d)) / (2 * a)
    s2 = (-b - math.sqrt(d)) / (2 * a)
    print ("The two solutions are: ", s1, " and", s2)

As seen above, we use if-else to decide our solution based on the value of d. We use math.sqrt() function to calculate the square root of d.

We get the below output when we run the above code with the sample coefficient values.

The two solutions are:  -2.0  and -3.0

Since the value of d in the sample case was 1. As seen above, we have two solutions: -2 and -3.

Thus we have successfully learned how to solve a quadratic equation in Python.

Preet Sanghavi avatar Preet Sanghavi avatar

Preet writes his thoughts about programming in a simplified manner to help others learn better. With thorough research, his articles offer descriptive and easy to understand solutions.

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