Get Range of Floating Numbers in Python

  1. Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the numpy.arange() Method in Python
  2. Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the List Comprehension in Python
  3. Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the Generator Comprehension in Python
  4. Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the Generator Function in Python
  5. Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the numpy.linspace() Method in Python

In this tutorial, we will look into various methods to get a sequence of float values in Python. Suppose we need a series of numbers with a step size of 0.1, but the problem is that the range() function does not accept a float as input and returns a TypeError instead.

We can generate a sequence of float values with a uniform step size in Python using the methods explained below.

Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the numpy.arange() Method in Python

The numpy.arange(start, stop, step) method returns a sequence of values within start and stop values with the step size equal to the step value. The default value of the start and step arguments are 0 and 1, respectively.

The advantage of using the numpy.arange() method is that it can generate the range of the float values. But it is not a default function of Python, and the NumPy library is needed to use it.

The below example code demonstrates how to use the numpy.arange() method to get the sequence of values from 0 to 1 with the step size equal to 0.1.

import numpy as np

seq = np.arange(0, 1, 0.1)
print(seq)

Output:

[0.  0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9]

Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the List Comprehension in Python

List comprehension is the syntactic method to create a new list from an existing list in Python. We can generate the range or sequence of float values by creating a new list from the sequence of values returned by the range() method.

Since the range() method can only generate the sequence of integers, we will have to multiply or divide each value of the sequence by the required float value to get the desired sequence. Since multiplying an integer, i.e., 3 with the float value 0.1 returns 0.30000000000000004, that is why dividing the integer with 10 must be preferred to generate the sequence of float values.

The below example code demonstrates how to get the range or sequence of float values in Python using the list comprehension method.

seq = [x/10 for x in range(0, 10)]
print(seq)

Output:

[0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9]

Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the Generator Comprehension in Python

Generator comprehension is a syntactic approach similar to list comprehension that creates an iterable generator object in Python. We can access the new value from the generator by using the next() method or iterate through the whole sequence using the for loop.

The below example code demonstrates how to use the generator comprehension to get the range of floats in Python.

seq = (x/10 for x in range(0, 10))
for x in seq:
    print(x, end= " ")

Output:

0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 

Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the Generator Function in Python

Although the generator comprehension is a concise and more straightforward way to get a generator object in Python, the generator function is a reusable and better way to get a range of float values using the start, stop, and step values of our choice.

The below example code demonstrates how to create a generator function using the yield keyword, similar to the range() function in Python.

def myrange(start, stop, step):
    while start < stop:
        yield start
        start = start + step

seq = myrange(0.0, 1.0, 0.1)

for x in seq:
  print(x)

Get Range of Floating-Point Numbers Using the numpy.linspace() Method in Python

The numpy.linspace() method like the numpy.arange() method returns the sequence of values from the start value to the stop value. Instead of step argument, the numpy.linspace() method takes num argument, which specifies the number of values to generate from start to stop value.

Therefore we will have to provide the number of values num to the numpy.linspace() method; the following formula can calculate the value of num using start, stop, and step values.

num = (stop - start)/step

The below example code demonstrates how to use the numpy.linspace() to generate the range of floats from 0 to 1 with the step equal to 0.1. The num value for the required sequence will be (0 - 1)/0.1 = 10.

seq = np.linspace(0, 1, 10, endpoint=0)
print(seq)

Output:

array([0. , 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9]

The endpoint argument specifies whether to include the last value of the sequence or not, as the sequence starts from 0 by default.

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