Print % Sign in Python

Print % Sign in Python

  1. Print % Sign in Python
  2. Print % Sign With Escape Characters in Python
  3. Print % Sign With the str.format() Function in Python

This tutorial will introduce the methods to print the % sign with Python’s print() function.

Normally, as shown in the following code snippet, we don’t need any special tricks to write the % sign to the console with the print() function in Python.

print("This is the % sign")

Output:

This is the % sign

We printed the % sign to console with Python’s print() function. The issue occurs when we write a string with the %s placeholder and another % sign in the same print() function. The following code runs without an error.

text = "some text"
print("this is %s"%text)

Output:

this is some text

But, when we try to combine the above two codes, the following resultant code snippet gives us an error.

text = "some text"
print("this is a % sign with %s"%text)

Error:

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-4-6006ad4bf52e> in <module>()
      1 text = "some text"
----> 2 print("this is a % sign with %s"%text)

TypeError: not enough arguments for format string

This error is thrown because we haven’t used any escape character for writing the % sign.

In this case, our escape character is also a % character instead of a \ character. The following code snippet shows us how to escape a % sign with another % escape character.

text = "some text"
print("this is a %% sign with %s"%text)

Output:

this is a % sign with some text

We printed both % sign and a string variable with the print() function and % escape character in the above code.

We can also use string formatting to print a % sign with a string variable inside a single print() function. The str.format() function can be used for this purpose. The str is a string that contains our output with {} in place of string variables, and the format() function contains all the string variables that we want to print. The following code snippet shows how to print the % sign with string formatting in Python.

text = "some text"
print("this is a % sign with {0}".format(text))

Output:

this is a % sign with some text

In the above code, we used str.format() function to write a % sign with a string variable inside a single print() function in Python.

This method is preferable because the previous method has been deprecated and will soon become obsolete.

Muhammad Maisam Abbas avatar Muhammad Maisam Abbas avatar

Maisam is a highly skilled and motivated Data Scientist. He has over 4 years of experience with Python programming language. He loves solving complex problems and sharing his results on the internet.

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