In this tutorial, we will be introduced to the color cycle and see how we can get and set the color property with the help of the color cycle in matplotlib.
Use the Color Cycle to Get and Set the Color Property in Matplotlib
When we work with a massive amount of data, we plot multiple lines, so we need to display a specific color plot. But the Matplotlib displays with its particular color track, so how do we change it?
According to the Matplotlib documentation, we cannot use the
public) to access the underlying iterator. We will only be able to access it through
However, we will not be able to get the state of an iterator without changing it.
We can set the color or property cycle in different ways. However, while working with the
public-facing method, we cannot access the iterable.
Still, we can access it by creating an object of axes and using the
_get_lines helper class instance.
ax._get_lines is confusing, but the behind-the-scenes machinery allows the plot command to process all odd and varied ways that the plot can be called.
Among other things, it is what keeps track of what colors to assign automatically. Similarly, the
ax._get_patches_for_fill method controls cycling through default fill colors and patch properties.
We have a property for working with lines in the color cycle iterable called
ax._get_lines.color_cycle and the
ax._get_patches_for_fill.color_cycle for working with patches.
Matplotlib 1.5 and the later versions have changed to use the
Cycler library. We can use the iterable called
prop_cycler instead of
dict of properties, or only color in our program.
But we can not see the state of an iterator since we can get the following item easily using the bare iterator object.
next_color = next(color_cycle)
next_color specifies the next color we want to display in our plot. By design, we will not be able to get the state of an iterator without changing it.
In Matplotlib 1.5 or the later versions, we can access the
cycler object to use in its current state in our program. Since the
cycler object is not accessible (publicly or privately), only the
However, the cycle instance created from the
cycler object is accessible. So, there is no way to get to the color or property
cycler; hence, we use
Instead, we can match the color of the previously plotted item. Rather than determining the color or property, setting the color of our new item is best on plot properties.
import numpy as np import matplotlib.pyplot as plot def custom_plot(x,y,**kwargs): ax=kwargs.pop("ax",plot.gca()) base_line,=ax.plot(x,y,**kwargs) ax.fill_between(x,0.9*y,1.1*y,facecolor=base_line.get_color(),alpha=0.5) x=np.linspace(0,1,10) custom_plot(x,x) custom_plot(x,x*2) custom_plot(x,x-x,color="yellow",lw=3) plot.show()
The following example allows us to set the default color in our plot while working with the color cycle.
import numpy as np import matplotlib.pyplot as plot import matplotlib as mpl # Takes key value pair to set default cycle color mpl.rcParams["axes.prop_cycle"]=mpl.cycler(color=["b","r","r"]) x1=np.linspace(0,20,100) fig,axes=plot.subplots(nrows=2) for i in range(10): axes.plot(x1,i*(x1*10)**2) # create a plot on zero axis for j in range(10): axes.plot(x1,j* np.cos(x1)) # # create second plot on 1 axis plot.show()
Click here to read more about the color cycle in Matplotlib.