How to print struct variables in console

  1. Declare struct in Go
  2. Printf function of fmt package
  3. Marshal function of package encoding/json

In Go, struct is a collection of different fields of the same or different data types. A struct is similar to the class in the Object-Oriented Programming paradigm. We can print structs using Printf function of package fmt along with special tags as arguments to Printf function. Similarly, we can also print structs using special packages such as encoding/json, go-spew, and Pretty Printer Library.

Declare struct in Go

Structures in Go are created using the struct keyword.

package main

import "fmt"

type info struct {
    Name    string
    Address string
    Pincode int
}

func main() {
    a1 := info{"Dikhsya Lhyaho", "Jhapa", 123}
    fmt.Println("Info of Dikhsya: ", a1)
}

Output:

Info of Dikhsya:  {Dikhsya Lhyaho Jhapa 123}

We can print struct variables with various packages in Go. Some of them are described below:

Printf function of fmt package

We can use the Printf function of package fmt with a special formatting option. The available formatting options to display variables using fmt are:

Format Description
%v Print the variable value in a default format
%+v Add field names with the value
%#v a Go-syntax representation of the value
%T a Go-syntax representation of the type of the value
%% a literal percent sign; consumes no value

Example Codes:

package main

import "fmt"

type Employee struct {
    Id   int64
    Name string
}

func main() {
    Employee_1 := Employee{Id: 10, Name: "Dixya Lhyaho"}
    fmt.Printf("%+v\n", Employee_1) // with Variable name
    fmt.Printf("%v\n", Employee_1)  // Without Variable Name
    fmt.Printf("%d\n", Employee_1.Id)
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", Employee_1.Name)
}

Output:

{Id:10 Name:Dixya Lhyaho}
{10 Dixya Lhyaho}
10
Dixya Lhyaho

Marshal function of package encoding/json

Another way is to use the function Marshal of package encoding/json.

package main

import (
    "encoding/json"
    "fmt"
)

type Employee struct {
    Id   int64
    Name string
}

func main() {
    Employee_1 := Employee{Id: 10, Name: "Dixya Lhyaho"}

    jsonE, _ := json.Marshal(Employee_1)
    fmt.Println(string(jsonE))
}

Output:

{"Id":10,"Name":"Dixya Lhyaho"}

Dump function of package go-spew

Another way is to use the Dump function of package go-spew. .

package main

import (
    "github.com/davecgh/go-spew/spew"
)

type Employee struct {
    Id   int64
    Name string
}

func main() {
    Employee_1 := Employee{Id: 10, Name: "Dixya Lhyaho"}
    spew.Dump(Employee_1)

}

Output:

(main.Employee) {
 Id: (int64) 10,
 Name: (string) (len=12) "Dixya Lhyaho"
}

To install the go-spew package run the following command in your terminal:

go get -u github.com/davecgh/go-spew/spew
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