Appending Elements to an Array in Scala

Suraj P Jan 30, 2023 Feb 23, 2022 Scala Scala Array
  1. Use the concat() Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala
  2. Use the ++ Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala
  3. Use the :+ Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala
Appending Elements to an Array in Scala

In this post, we’ll look at append elements to an Array in Scala using various methods.

Use the concat() Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala

Use the concat() function to combine two or more arrays. This approach creates a new array rather than altering the current ones.

Syntax of concat():

newArray = concat(array1,array2,array3.....)

In the concat() method, we can pass more than one array as arguments.

Example:

import Array._

object MyClass {

    def main(args: Array[String]):Unit= {

       var arr1 = Array(1, 2, 3, 4)

       //create an array for the elements we want to append
       var arr2 = Array(50, 60, 70, 80)
       var arr3 = concat(arr1,arr2)

        for(elem <- arr3)
        println(elem)
    }
}

Output:

1
2
3
4
50
60
70
80

Arrays arr1 and arr2 are concatenated, and a new concatenated array arr3 is created. We can see that arr3 is nothing but arr2 elements appended at the end of arr1.

Use the ++ Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala

Instead of concat(), we can also use ++ to create an appended array.

Example code:

import Array._

object MyClass {

    def main(args: Array[String]):Unit= {

       var arr1 = Array(1, 2, 3, 4)

       var arr3 = arr1 ++ Array(100,200)  //elements we want to append

        for(elem <- arr3)
        println(elem)
    }
}

Output:

1
2
3
4
100
200

We create an array for the elements we want to append and use ++.

Use the :+ Method to Append Elements to an Array in Scala

The :+ is the best method to append elements to an array as this method is in-place . concat() Method and ++ Method have to altogether create a new auxiliary array if we want to append elements to an array.

Example code:

import Array._

object MyClass {

    def main(args: Array[String]):Unit= {

       var array = Array( 1, 2, 3 )
        array = array :+ 4
        array = array :+ 5

        for (x <- array )
        {
            println( x )
        }
    }
}

Output:

1
2
3
4
5

Using :+, we can append the elements to the existing array without using an auxiliary array.

Instead of :+, we can also use +: to prepend, which means adding elements at the beginning of an array.

Example code:

import Array._

object MyClass {

    def main(args: Array[String]):Unit= {

       var array = Array( 1, 2, 3 )
        array =  40 +: array  //prepending the element
        array =  55 +: array

        for (x <- array )
        {
            println( x )
        }
    }
}

Output:

55
40
1
2
3
Author: Suraj P
Suraj P avatar Suraj P avatar

A technophile and a Big Data developer by passion. Loves developing advance C++ and Java applications in free time works as SME at Chegg where I help students with there doubts and assignments in the field of Computer Science.

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