Screenshot With Selenium in Python

Screenshot With Selenium in Python

  1. Use the save_screenshot() Function to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python
  2. Use the get_screenshot_as_file() Function to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python
  3. Use the Screenshot-Selenium Package to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python
  4. Conclusion

We can perform tasks using a Python script on an automated web browser with selenium. We can capture the browser’s screen as a screenshot using different methods.

This tutorial will demonstrate how to capture a screenshot of the automated browser using selenium in Python.

Use the save_screenshot() Function to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python

The selenium package provides the save_screenshot() function to take a screenshot of the web page opened in the automated browser.

We can specify the filename (PNG format) and the path for the screenshot within the function. This function is used with the webdriver object.

See the code below.

from selenium import webdriver
driver = webdriver.Chrome(r'C:/driverpath/chromedriver.exe')
driver.get("https://www.delftstack.com/")
driver.save_screenshot("filename.png")

In the above example, we create a webdriver object and create a connection to the required URL with the get() function. Then the save_screenshot() function is used to capture the screenshot and save it.

Use the get_screenshot_as_file() Function to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python

The get_screenshot_as_file() function also creates a file with the screenshot of the webdriver object. We can save the file at its desired path by mentioning it in the function.

It returns True if the file is created successfully. If there are any exceptions, the function will return False.

For example:

from selenium import webdriver
driver = webdriver.Chrome(r'C:/driverpath/chromedriver.exe')
driver.get("https://www.delftstack.com/")
driver.get_screenshot_as_file("filename1.png")

Use the Screenshot-Selenium Package to Capture a Screenshot Using selenium in Python

The Selenium-Screenshot package can be used to capture screenshots of the HTML elements of the webdriver.

This package is compatible with Python 3 and can be installed using pip install Selenium-Screenshot. We can also use this to capture the clippings of HTML elements individually.

We can use the full_screenshot() function to capture the entire browser window. We need to create an object of the Screenshot class first to use this.

The webdriver object and the filename are specified within the full_screenshot() function.

See the code below.

from selenium import webdriver
from Screenshot import Screenshot_Clipping
s = Screenshot_Clipping.Screenshot()
driver = webdriver.Chrome(r'C:/driverpath/chromedriver.exe')
driver.get("https://www.delftstack.com/")
s.full_Screenshot(driver, save_path=r'.' , image_name='name.png')

We use the full_screenshot() function in the above example to capture the screenshot. We provide the name and path for the file with the image_name parameter and save_path parameter.

Conclusion

We discussed how to take screenshots using selenium in Python. We can use the save_screenshot() and get_screenshot_as_file() functions to save the screenshot as a PNG file.

Alternatively, we can also install a sub-package called Selenium-Screenshot and use it to capture the web page on the browser.

Author: Manav Narula
Manav Narula avatar Manav Narula avatar

Manav is a IT Professional who has a lot of experience as a core developer in many live projects. He is an avid learner who enjoys learning new things and sharing his findings whenever possible.

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