Open File Exception Handling in Python

Open File Exception Handling in Python

  1. Python open() File Function
  2. Python Open File Exception
  3. Use try-except to Handle Exceptions When Reading a File in Python

To open a file, Python has a built-in function called open() by which the user can read or write to a file, but if, in any circumstance, the file is missing or unable to access by the compiler, so, we are encountered by a FileNotFoundError. This article will look at how to handle Python’s file exceptions.

Python open() File Function

This function opens the file, loads all the content, and return it as a file object.

General Syntax:

open(filename, mode='r')

This function takes two arguments. One is the file name or the whole file path; the other is access mode, which decides what action must be performed on a file.

There are various modes, including r (read-only), w (write-only), a (append-only), rb (Read-only in Binary format), etc.

Python Open File Exception

Suppose we are trying to open a file that does not exist or mistakenly entered the wrong file path, resulting in a FileNotFound exception.

Example Code:

file1 = open("myfile.txt",'r')
# Reading from file
print(file1.read())
file1.close()

Output:

FileNotFoundError                         Traceback (most recent call last)
C:\Users\LAIQSH~1\AppData\Local\Temp/ipykernel_4504/3544944463.py in <module>
----> 1 file1 = open("myfile.txt",'r')
      2
      3 # Reading from file
      4 print(file1.read())
      5

FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'myfile.txt'

We see that the open function is giving an error that says No such file or directory because the file to be open is found missing by the compiler.

Use try-except to Handle Exceptions When Reading a File in Python

One of the finest cures to this missing file problem is that the code is ambiguous and contains some errors. We wrap that part of our code in the try block.

The try block executes first. When the file is not found, the exception is raised.

The remaining code in the try block is skipped, and the control jumps into the except block. In the except block, we mention the error type raised.

Exceptions are handled in the except block. If there is no exception in the try block, the except clause will not execute.

Consider the following example.

try:
    file1 = open("myfile.txt",'r')
# Reading from file
    print(file1.read())
    file1.close()
except FileNotFoundError:
    print("FileNotFoundError successfully handled")

Output:

FileNotFoundError successfully handled

Since there was an error in the try block, the statement in the except block was printed in the output. So by using this trick, we can handle exceptions in our code by displaying any message in the output despite getting an error message.

Author: Fariba Laiq
Fariba Laiq avatar Fariba Laiq avatar

I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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