Multiply Two Lists in Python

  1. Multiply Two List in Python Using the zip() Method
  2. Multiply Two Lists in Python Using the numpy.multiply() Method
  3. Multiply Two Lists in Python Using the map() Function

This tutorial will demonstrate various methods to perform element-wise multiplication of two lists in Python. Suppose we have two lists of integers with the same dimensions and we want to multiply elements of the first list with the elements at the same position in the second list and get a resultant list with the same dimensions.

Multiply Two List in Python Using the zip() Method

The built-in zip() method in Python takes one or more iterables and aggregates the iterables into a tuple. Like the lists [1,2,3] and [4,5,6] will become [(1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6)]. Using the map() method, we access both lists element-wise and get the required list using the list comprehension method.

The below code example shows how to multiple 1D and 2D lists using zip() with the list comprehension.

list1 = [2,4,5,3,5,4]
list2 = [4,1,2,9,7,5]
product = [x*y for x,y in zip(list1,list2)]
print(product)

Output:

[8, 4, 10, 27, 35, 20]

Multiplication of 2D Lists:

list1 = [[2,4,5],[3,5,4]]
list2 = [[4,1,2],[9,7,5]]
product = [[0]*3]*2 

for x in range(len(list1)):
    product[x] = [a*b for a,b in zip(list1[x],list2[x])]

print(product)

Output:

[[8, 4, 10], [27, 35, 20]]

Multiply Two Lists in Python Using the numpy.multiply() Method

The multiply() method of the NumPy library in Python, takes two arrays/lists as input and returns an array/list after performing element-wise multiplication. This method is straightforward, as we do not have to do any extra work for 2D multiplication, but the negative point of this method is that it can’t be used without the NumPy library.

The below code examples demonstrates how to multiply 1D and 2D lists in Python using the numpy.multiply() method.

  • 1D multiplication:
import numpy as np

list1 = [12,3,1,2,3,1]
list2 = [13,2,3,5,3,4] 

product = np.multiply(list1,list2)
print(product)

Output:

[156   6   3  10   9   4]
  • 2D multiplication:
import numpy as np

list1 = [[12,3,1],[2,3,1]]
list2 = [[13,2,3],[5,3,4]] 

product = np.multiply(list1,list2)
print(product)

Output:

[[156   6   3]
 [ 10   9   4]]

Multiply Two Lists in Python Using the map() Function

The map function takes a function and one or more iterables as input and returns an iterable applying the provided function on the input lists.

We can perform 1D and 2D element-wise multiplication of two lists in Python using the map() function by passing both lists as the arguments to the map() function. The below code examples demonstrate how we can use the map() to multiply two Python lists.

Example code for 1D multiplication:

list1 = [2,4,5,3,5,4]
list2 = [4,1,2,9,7,5]
product = list(map(lambda x,y: x*y ,list1,list2))
print(product)

Output:

[8, 4, 10, 27, 35, 20]

Example code for 2D multiplication:

list1 = [[2,4,5],[3,5,4]]
list2 = [[4,1,2],[9,7,5]]
product = [[0]*3]*2 

for x in range(len(list1)):
    product[x] = list(map(lambda a,b: a*b ,list1[x],list2[x]))

print(product)

Output:

[[8, 4, 10], [27, 35, 20]]
Contribute
DelftStack is a collective effort contributed by software geeks like you. If you like the article and would like to contribute to DelftStack by writing paid articles, you can check the write for us page.

Related Article - Python List

  • Remove All the Occurrences of an Element From a List in Python
  • Append Multiple Elements to List in Python