How to Add Days to Current Date in JavaScript

  1. Understanding JavaScript Date Class
  2. Adding Days to Date() in JavaScript
  3. Add Days to Date() Using prototype in JavaScript

This tutorial will introduce how to add a new day to the current date or a custom date in JavaScript. We will first introduce what is Date and different methods in JavaScript Date class.

Understanding JavaScript Date Class

In JavaScript, the Date class is basically the number of milliseconds that passed since midnight on January 1, 1970, UTC. It is not the same as UNIX epoch, which is used in computers to record date and time values.

To start using the Dateclass, we need to create a new Date object to deal with, and creating that object can be done in many ways as we can see in the following example:

var myDate = new Date();
var myDateOne = new Date("August 19, 2020 23:15:30");
var myDateTwo = new Date("2020-08-17T03:24:00");
var myDateThree = new Date(2020, 07, 17);
var myDateFour = new Date(2020, 07, 17, 3, 24, 0);

console.log(myDate);
console.log(myDateOne);
console.log(myDateTwo);
console.log(myDateThree);
console.log(myDateFour);

When we call the Date() constructor without giving any parameters, the Date object will have the current date and time; while when given a parameter, that object will have the parsed string representing that point of time.

If we give the appropriate date and time components value like in the example new Date(2020, 07, 17), the index should start from 0, not 1.

Output:

Fri Nov 13 2020 19:16:58 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)
Mon Aug 17 2020 23:15:30 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)
Mon Aug 17 2020 03:24:00 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)
Mon Aug 17 2020 00:00:00 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)
Mon Aug 17 2020 03:24:00 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)

We frequently use many methods from the Data class; we will explain some of them in the next sections.

Adding Days to Date() in JavaScript

Suppose we want to create a function that adds a certain number of days in JavaScript. In that case, we can implement it using the Date class method named getDate() which returns the day of the month, between 1 and 31, for the selected date according to local time, and the method setDate() to set the day of the month for that specific date.

For example, if the date is 11/02/2020, adding one day will be 12/02/2020. If it was 31/03/2020, it shall be 01/04/2020 as the only valid range is [1, 31].

Let’s see the following example of adding days to the Date object.

function addDaysToDate(date, days){
    var res = new Date(date);
    res.setDate(res.getDate() + days);
    return res;
}


var tmpDate = new Date(2020 , 07 , 20); // Augest 20, 2020
console.log(addDaysToDate(tmpDate, 2));

Output:

Sat Aug 22 2020 00:00:00 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)

If we are interested in adding that day to today, we can replace new Date(date) with new Date() in the above code, or we can pass the new Date() to the function directly.

var tmpDate = new Date(); // Today
console.log(addDaysToDate(tmpDate, 2)); // today + 2 

Output:

Sun Nov 15 2020 22:55:06 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)

Add Days to Date() Using prototype in JavaScript

If we want to create a prototype to the Date class that takes only the numeric input as the number of days to add, we can implement it as the following example:

Date.prototype.addDays = function(noOfDays){
    var tmpDate = new Date(this.valueOf());
    tmpDate.setDate(tmpDate.getDate() + noOfDays);
    return tmpDate;
}

var myDate = new Date(); //today
console.log( myDate.addDays(2)); // today + 2 

Output:

Sun Nov 15 2020 22:59:06 GMT+0200 (Eastern European Standard Time)

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