Python Iterable

Python Iterable

  1. Use the Iteration in Python
  2. Use the Iterable to Run a Loop in Python
  3. Use the Iterator to Store the State of an Iteration in Python
  4. the Built-in Iterator in Python
  5. the Custom Iterator in Python

The Iteration means repeatedly executing a group of statements until the condition is true. Whenever we use a loop, we are performing iterations.

In python, we can perform iterations using a for or while loop.

Use the Iteration in Python

We will perform five iterations using both the for and while loops because they will execute five times.

#Python 3.x
for i in range(5):
	print("Hello World using for")
i=1
while(i<=5):
	print("Hello World using while")
	i=i+1

Output:

#Python 3.x
Hello World using for
Hello World using for
Hello World using for
Hello World using for
Hello World using for
Hello World using while
Hello World using while
Hello World using while
Hello World using while
Hello World using while

Use the Iterable to Run a Loop in Python

An iterable is an object in python to run a loop. Anything on the right side in the for loop is iterable.

For example, string, tuple, dictionary, sets, etc. A List is iterable on which we have run a for loop.

#Python 3.x
colors={"Blue", "Pink", "Orange", "Yellow"}
for c in colors:
	print(c)

Output:

#Python 3.x
Yellow
Orange
Pink
Blue

Use the Iterator to Store the State of an Iteration in Python

An Iterator is an object which performs the iteration. Iterator stores the state of an iteration, and it returns the next value to loop on.

An iterable object is initialized through the __iter__() method, returning the object. The __next__() method returns the next value associated with the object to iterate upon.

the Built-in Iterator in Python

The __iter__() and __next__() method explicitly are built-in iterators. We will call the built-in iter() method and pass it to our object to make it iterable.

Then we will iterate over the next elements of an object through the built-in next() method. The while loop will break we have completed the iterations upon all the elements associated with the object.

#Python 3.x
mystring = 'Orange'
iterable = iter(mystring)
while True:
    try:
        char = next(iterable)
        print(char)
    except StopIteration:
         break

Output:

#Python 3.x
O
r
a
n
g
e

the Custom Iterator in Python

The __iter__() and __next__() method in our custom class to make it iterable. The __iter__() method will create and return an iterable object.

The __next__() method will return the next element associated with its object. The __iter__() method will be called when the iteration is initialized, and the __next__() method will be called upon the next iteration to iterate over the next value.

Through a custom iterator, we will handle the iterations independently.

#Python 3.x
class MyIterator:
    def __init__(self, limit):
        self.limit = limit
    def __iter__(self):
        self.n = 1
        return self
    def __next__(self):
        n = self.n
        if n > self.limit:
            raise StopIteration
        self.n = n + 1;
        return n
for i in MyIterator(10):
    print(i)

Output:

#Python 3.x
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

In the __iter__() method, we had initialized and returned the value of n, a class attribute. In the __next__() method, we first saved the current value of n.

Then we had to check if the next value is greater than the range defined in iteration, we would raise a StopIteration exception. Else, we will increment the value of n and return it.

Author: Fariba Laiq
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I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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