Check if File Is Empty in Python

Check if File Is Empty in Python

  1. Check Empty Text File in Python
  2. Check Empty Excel File in Python
  3. Check Empty CSV File in Python

We will learn how to check whether files are empty or not. We also have a look at different issues that were raised while checking an empty file in Python.

Check Empty Text File in Python

If you are doing batch processing or processing that part of a bigger process, you will not be putting any output to a screen. You would have different alerts to let you know what is going on so you can interrupt and fix things.

But for this demonstration, we have created three files, csv, text and excel; all three are empty. We want to show you that we enter the code very quickly.

In our case, the file sizes have 0 kb because our files are empty, but in your case, sizes can be different even though you have an empty file. File sizes are important when we check whether a file is empty because we use the file size in our Python code.

Now we will jump into the code to test whether a text file is empty or not, and to test; we will import the Path class from the pathlib module. The Path class gives us access to the directory of stroke paths on either our local drive or potentially on our network drive, or wherever the actual path to the file is.

First, we define a function called If_TextFileEmpty() and create a variable called my_file inside the function. We will call the Path() class and define a file’s path; we put r before the string to avoid a unicode error.

my_file = Path(r'C:\Users\Dell\Desktop\demo\files\Mytextfile.txt')

Now we will define a basic check whether either file does exist using the is_file() method. We will define the next block to check whether a file is empty using the getsize() function from the os module.

from pathlib import Path
import os

def If_TextFileEmpty():
    my_file = Path(r'C:\Users\Dell\Desktop\demo\files\Mytextfile.txt')
    if my_file.is_file():
        print('This file exists, ok!')
    else:
        print('This file does not exists, make sure are putting correct path')
    if os.path.getsize(my_file) >0:
        print('This file is not an empty file, process done!')
    else:
        print('This is an empty file.')

If_TextFileEmpty()

In both cases, if the if statement does not find a True value, then the else block will be executed.

This file exists, ok!
This is an empty file.

Check Empty Excel File in Python

There is a problem with the above code; we have an empty file, but its size is not 8kb. It is seen with CSV or Excel files.

Since we have an Excel file and its size is 8kb, we will use a different approach.

To use this approach, we will import the pandas library and call the read_excel() method that reads an Excel file. Using the if statement, we will use a property called empty to check whether this Excel file is empty and return a Boolean value.

import pandas as pd

def IsExcelFileEmpty():
    My_Excelfile=pd.read_excel('C://Users//Dell//Desktop//demo//files//myexcelfile.xlsx')

    if My_Excelfile.empty:
        print('This excel file is empty.')
    else:
        print('This excel file is not empty.')

IsExcelFileEmpty()

Output:

This excel file is empty.

Check Empty CSV File in Python

But the above code does not work with the csv file and raises an error because this is an empty file, and we are instructing Python about reading this file. In this case, it will start reading, find no column, and raise an exception.

File "pandas\_libs\parsers.pyx", line 549, in pandas._libs.parsers.TextReader.__cinit__
pandas.errors.EmptyDataError: No columns to parse from file

We will catch this exception in the try block. We do not need to use an empty property; obviously, it will go into the except block if the try block catches an exception.

import pandas as pd

def If_csvfileEmpty():
    try:
        My_csvFile=pd.read_csv('C://Users//Dell//Desktop//demo//files//mycsvfile.csv')
    except:
        print('This CSV file is empty.')
    else:
        print('This CSV file is not empty.')

If_csvfileEmpty()

Output:

This CSV file is empty.
Salman Mehmood avatar Salman Mehmood avatar

Hello! I am Salman Bin Mehmood(Baum), a software developer and I help organizations, address complex problems. My expertise lies within back-end, data science and machine learning. I am a lifelong learner, currently working on metaverse, and enrolled in a course building an AI application with python. I love solving problems and developing bug-free software for people. I write content related to python and hot Technologies.

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