Change the Tkinter Label Text

Jinku Hu Jan 30, 2023 Nov 25, 2019 Tkinter Tkinter Label
  1. Use StringVar to Change/Update the Tkinter Label Text
  2. Label text Property to Change/Update the Python Tkinter Label Text
Change the Tkinter Label Text

In this tutorial, we will introduce how to change the Tkinter label text when clicking a button.

Use StringVar to Change/Update the Tkinter Label Text

StringVar is one type of Tkinter constructor to create the Tkinter string variable.

After we associate the StringVar variable to the Tkinter widgets, Tkinter will update this particular widget when the variable is modified.

import tkinter as tk

class Test():
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = tk.Tk()
        self.text = tk.StringVar()
        self.text.set("Test")
        self.label = tk.Label(self.root, textvariable=self.text)

        self.button = tk.Button(self.root,
                                text="Click to change text below",
                                command=self.changeText)
        self.button.pack()
        self.label.pack()
        self.root.mainloop()

    def changeText(self):
        self.text.set("Text updated")        

app=Test()

Tkinter set Label text

self.text = tk.StringVar()
self.text.set("Test")

The Tkinter constructor couldn’t initiate the string variable with the string like self.text = tk.StringVar().

We should call set method to set the StringVar value, like self.text.set("Test").

self.label = tk.Label(self.root, textvariable=self.text)

It associates the StringVar variable self.text to the label widget self.label by setting textvariable to be self.text. The Tk toolkit begins to track the changes of self.text and will update the text self.label if self.text is modified.

The above code creates a Tkinter dynamic label. It automatically displays the Tkinter label text upon modification of self.text.

Label text Property to Change/Update the Python Tkinter Label Text

Another solution to change the Tkinter label text is to change the text property of the label.

import tkinter as tk

class Test():
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = tk.Tk()
        self.label = tk.Label(self.root, text="Text")

        self.button = tk.Button(self.root,
                                text="Click to change text below",
                                command=self.changeText)
        self.button.pack()
        self.label.pack()
        self.root.mainloop()

    def changeText(self):
        self.label['text'] = "Text updated"        

app=Test()

The text of the label could be initiated with text="Text" and could also be updated by assigning the new value to the text key of the label object.

We could also change the text property with the tk.Label.configure() method as shown below. It works the same with the above codes.

import tkinter as tk

class Test():
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = tk.Tk()
        self.label = tk.Label(self.root, text="Text")

        self.button = tk.Button(self.root,
                                text="Click to change text below",
                                command=self.changeText)
        self.button.pack()
        self.label.pack()
        self.root.mainloop()

    def changeText(self):
        self.label.configure(text="Text Updated")        

app=Test()
Author: Jinku Hu
Jinku Hu avatar Jinku Hu avatar

Founder of DelftStack.com. Jinku has worked in the robotics and automotive industries for over 8 years. He sharpened his coding skills when he needed to do the automatic testing, data collection from remote servers and report creation from the endurance test. He is from an electrical/electronics engineering background but has expanded his interest to embedded electronics, embedded programming and front-/back-end programming.

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