Move Column to Front in Pandas DataFrame

Move Column to Front in Pandas DataFrame

Python has a data analysis library called Pandas. We can perform many different types of manipulation on a DataFrame using Pandas in Python.

This guide will explain the methods to reorder the columns in a pandas DataFrame such that it moves to the front.

Move a Column to the Front in Pandas DataFrame

Suppose we want to rearrange the columns’ positions in the DataFrame. Pandas provide the insert() and reindex() methods that move a single column to the front of the Pandas DataFrame.

Use the pop() and the insert() Methods

The idea is to remove the column we want to move to the front using the pop() method. Then insert the column again into the DataFrame using the insert() method by specifying the location to insert.

In the following code, we have a DataFrame consisting of student records. Our goal is to move the column Name to the front.

First, we will remove it using the pop() method, the pop() method takes the column’s label that we want to delete as a parameter and returns it. We stored the returned column in the col.

Through the insert() method, we pushed the column back to the DataFrame by defining its location as loc=0 (first column position), the column name, and the actual column).

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
import pandas as pd
student= {
    'Course' :["Java", "Python", "C++", "Dart"],
    'Marks':[70, 80, 90, 60],
    'Age':[19, 20, 21, 19],
    'Name':["Jhon", "Aliya", "Nate", "Amber"]
          }
df = pd.DataFrame(student)
print(df)
col = df.pop('Name')
df.insert(loc= 0 , column= 'Name', value= col)
print(df)

Output:

$python3 Main.py

   Course  Marks  Age   Name
0    Java     70   19   Jhon
1  Python     80   20  Aliya
2     C++     90   21   Nate
3    Dart     60   19  Amber
    Name  Course  Marks  Age
0   Jhon    Java     70   19
1  Aliya  Python     80   20
2   Nate     C++     90   21
3  Amber    Dart     60   19

Use the reindex() Method

We can rearrange the columns by re-indexing them. The reindex() method reorders the columns.

This method is available in the pandas.DataFrame module. We’ll provide the list of column names in our desired order and pass the list and the DataFrame to the reindex() method to return the updated DataFrame.

Example Code:

#Python 3.x
import pandas as pd
student= {
    'Course' :["Java", "Python", "C++", "Dart"],
    'Marks':[70, 80, 90, 60],
    'Age':[19, 20, 21, 19],
    'Name':["Jhon", "Aliya", "Nate", "Amber"]
          }
df = pd.DataFrame(student)
print(df)
df = pd.DataFrame.reindex(df,columns = ['Name', 'Course', 'Marks', 'Age'])
print(df)

Output:

$python3 Main.py

   Course  Marks  Age   Name
0    Java     70   19   Jhon
1  Python     80   20  Aliya
2     C++     90   21   Nate
3    Dart     60   19  Amber
    Name  Course  Marks  Age
0   Jhon    Java     70   19
1  Aliya  Python     80   20
2   Nate     C++     90   21
3  Amber    Dart     60   19
Author: Fariba Laiq
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I am Fariba Laiq from Pakistan. An android app developer, technical content writer, and coding instructor. Writing has always been one of my passions. I love to learn, implement and convey my knowledge to others.

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