GroupBy Month in Pandas

GroupBy Month in Pandas

  1. Group Data Frame By Month in Pandas
  2. Use the groupby() Function in Pandas

This tutorial uses Pandas to arrange data frames by date, specifically by month. Let’s start by importing the required libraries.

Group Data Frame By Month in Pandas

Import pertinent libraries:

import pandas as pd

We need to create a data frame containing dates to arrange them in the month’s order. In our case, we will take three dates to work on.

We will create the sample data frame using the code below.

df = pd.DataFrame(
    {
        "Date": [
            pd.Timestamp("2000-11-02"),
            pd.Timestamp("2000-01-02"),
            pd.Timestamp("2000-01-09")
        ],
        "ID": [1, 2, 3],
        "Price": [140, 120, 230]
    }
)

Let us look at our sample data frame containing dates.

print(df)
        Date  ID  Price
0 2000-11-02   1    140
1 2000-01-02   2    120
2 2000-01-09   3    230

After creating our data frame, let us work on arranging them in order of the month. We will use the groupby() function to work on the entire data frame.

Use the groupby() Function in Pandas

We can specify a groupby directive for an object using Pandas GroupBy. This stated instruction will choose a column using the grouper function’s key argument, the level and/or axis parameters if provided, and the target object’s or column’s index level.

Using the code below, let us perform the groupby operation on our sample data frame.

df1  = df.groupby(pd.Grouper(key='Date', axis=0,
					freq='M')).sum()

Now that we have grouped our data frame let us look at the updated data frame.

print(df1)
            ID  Price
Date
2000-01-31   5    350
2000-02-29   0      0
2000-03-31   0      0
2000-04-30   0      0
2000-05-31   0      0
2000-06-30   0      0
2000-07-31   0      0
2000-08-31   0      0
2000-09-30   0      0
2000-10-31   0      0
2000-11-30   1    140

The Date column groups the data frame in the example above. Because we specified freq = 'M', which stands for month, the data is grouped by month until the last date of each month, and the sum of the price column is presented.

Because we didn’t supply a value for all of the months, the groupby method displayed data for all of them while assigning a value of 0 to the others.

Therefore we have successfully grouped our data frame by month in Pandas using the above approach.

Preet Sanghavi avatar Preet Sanghavi avatar

Preet writes his thoughts about programming in a simplified manner to help others learn better. With thorough research, his articles offer descriptive and easy to understand solutions.

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