# The map Method in Ruby

Nurudeen Ibrahim
Apr 18, 2022
Jan 19, 2022

The `map`

method is one of Ruby’s most popular enumerable methods. It’s used to transform an array into another one.

Example Codes:

```
numbers = [2, 4, 6]
doubles = numbers.map do |n|
n * 2
end
puts doubles
```

Output:

```
[4, 8, 12]
```

The above code maps through the `numbers`

array, multiply each element by two, and produce a new `doubles`

array. This is how the `map`

method works.

Note that there is also a `collect`

method, an alias to `map`

, and both work similarly. We can show that by rewriting the above code using the `collect`

method.

Example Codes:

```
numbers = [2, 4, 6]
doubles = numbers.collect do |n|
n * 2
end
puts doubles
```

Output:

```
[4, 8, 12]
```

Although the `map`

method produces a new array, there’s also a `map!`

which works the same way as `map`

but also mutates the original array.

Example Codes:

```
numbers = [2, 4, 6]
doubles = numbers.map! do |n|
n * 2
end
puts doubles
puts numbers
```

Output:

```
[4, 8, 12]
[4, 8, 12]
```

Looking at the output above, you would notice that the original `numbers`

array has been mutated and now has the same value as `doubles`

.