String Builder Equivalent in Python

String Builder Equivalent in Python

Manav Narula Apr-25, 2021 Feb-26, 2021 Python Python String
  1. Use the join() Function
  2. Use the String Concatenation Method
  3. Use the StringIO Module

A string is a collection of characters and is an immutable object. We have to specify a new memory block for every change in a string rather than altering the already existing block.

The StringBuilder class in C# programming creates mutable string objects and allows dynamic memory allocation. We don’t have such calss in Python, but we can use string concatenation to achieve this and create long efficient string objects.

The main idea behind this is that we take a list of strings and join them to build large strings.

Use the join() Function

To join strings from a list, we can use the join() function. The join() method returns a string after combining all the elements from an iterable object. The following code snippet explains this.

mylist = ['abcd' for i in range(5)]
mystring = "".join(mylist)
print(mystring)

Output:

abcdabcdabcdabcdabcd

There are many other ways to concatenate strings from a list, but the join() function is considered the fastest of them all.

Use the String Concatenation Method

We can easily concatenate strings from a list using the for loop and + operator. The following example shows how.

mylist = ['abcd' for i in range(5)]
mystring = ''
for i in range(len(mylist)):
    mystring += mylist[i]
print(mystring)

Output:

abcdabcdabcdabcdabcd

Use the StringIO Module

The StringIO module can be used to read and write strings in the memory buffer. We create a StringIO object and write it to this object after looping through the list. We can print the required string using the getvalue() method. For example,

file_str = StringIO()
for i in range(len(mylist)):
    file_str.write(mylist[i])
print(file_str.getvalue())

Output:

abcdabcdabcdabcdabcd

We can also create a class of our own that can append strings using functions from the StringIO module. For example,

from io import StringIO

class StringBuilder:
     _file_str = None

     def __init__(self):
         self._file_str = StringIO()

     def Append(self, str):
         self._file_str.write(str)

     def __str__(self):
         return self._file_str.getvalue()

sb = StringBuilder()

sb.Append("Hello ")
sb.Append("World")

print(sb)

Output:

Hello World
Author: Manav Narula
Manav Narula avatar Manav Narula avatar

Manav is a IT Professional who has a lot of experience as a core developer in many live projects. He is an avid learner who enjoys learning new things and sharing his findings whenever possible.

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