# How to Convert String to Double in Python

Muhammad Waiz Khan Feb 02, 2024

Converting a string to a double in Python is a fundamental operation frequently encountered in various programming tasks. This article will provide a guide to the methods available for converting string data into double-precision floating-point numbers in Python.

Whether you are dealing with numerical input or need to parse and process textual data, this resource will provide you with the information and insights you need to manage this typical activity efficiently.

## Convert a String to a Double in Python Using the `float()` Function

The `float()` function accepts a number or a string as input and returns the floating-point number or a float type as output. To convert a string into a float, we can pass the string to the `float()` function.

Syntax:

``````float(string)
``````

Parameter:

• `string` (required): This is the string or numeric value that you want to convert to a double (floating-point number).

In the syntax, we provide the `string` parameter, and the `float()` function returns a floating-point number corresponding to the value contained in the string.

The code example below demonstrates how to use the `float()` method to convert a string to a double in Python.

``````string = '1974.6323'
myfloat = float(string)
print(myfloat)
``````

In this code snippet, we start by initializing a variable named `string` with the value `1974.6323`. This value is a string representing a numeric decimal (double) value.

Next, we utilize the `float()` function to convert the `string` variable, which contains a string representation of a numeric value, into a floating-point (double) number.

The resulting double value is stored in the variable `myfloat`. Finally, we use the `print()` function to display the converted double value stored in `myfloat`.

Output:

``````1974.6323
``````

The output above is the converted double value. The code took the string `1974.6323` and turned it into a floating-point number (double), preserving its precision.

## Convert a String to a Double in Python Using the `decimal.Decimal()` Method

The `decimal.Decimal()` constructor method of the `decimal` module takes a numeric value as input and converts it into a decimal type, which can exactly store and represent all the numeric values and can have as much precision as needed.

Syntax:

``````from decimal import Decimal

Decimal(string)
``````

Parameter:

• `string` (required): This is the string or numeric value that you want to convert to a decimal.

In the syntax, we provide the `string` parameter, and the `Decimal()` method returns a `Decimal` object representing the numeric value contained in the string. This method is particularly useful when you need high precision for decimal calculations.

The code example below demonstrates how to use the `Decimal()` method to convert a string to a double in Python.

``````from decimal import Decimal

string = '1974.6323'
myfloat = Decimal(string)
print(myfloat)
``````

In this code snippet, we start by importing the `Decimal` class from the `decimal` module, which specializes in high-precision decimal floating-point operations, surpassing the capabilities of the standard float type. Next, we initialize a variable named `string` with the value `1974.6323`, representing a numeric decimal in string format.

We proceed to use the `Decimal()` constructor to convert the `string` variable, containing a string representation of a number, into a high-precision decimal number. The result is stored in the variable `myfloat`.

Finally, we use the `print()` function to display the converted double stored in `myfloat`.

Output:

``````1974.6323
``````

The output above is the converted string to double using the `Decimal()` method.

## Convert a String to a Double in Python Using the `ast.literal_eval()` Method

The `ast.literal_eval()` is a function provided by the Python Standard Library’s `ast` module. It is typically used for evaluating a string containing a literal Python expression, and it returns the corresponding Python object.

Syntax:

``````import ast

ast.literal_eval(string)
``````

Parameter:

• `string` (required): This is the string containing a valid literal Python expression (e.g., a number) that you want to evaluate and convert to a Python object.

In the syntax, we provide the `string` parameter, and the `ast.literal_eval()` method returns the corresponding Python object based on the expression within the string. It’s a safer alternative to the built-in `eval()` function because it only evaluates literal expressions and does not execute arbitrary code.

The code example below demonstrates how to use the `ast.literal_eval()` method to convert a string to a double in Python.

``````import ast

string = '1974.6323'
myfloat = ast.literal_eval(string)
print(myfloat)
``````

In this code snippet, we begin by importing the `ast` module, a part of the Python Standard Library that offers tools for manipulating abstract syntax trees. The module includes a valuable function, `literal_eval()`, which allows for the safe evaluation of literal expressions within strings.

Then, we initialize a variable called `string` and assign it the value `1974.6323`, which represents a numeric decimal value. Our objective is to convert this string into a double-precision floating-point number.

To achieve this, we utilize the `ast.literal_eval()` method, passing the `string` as its argument. This method then evaluates the string as a literal Python expression, in this case, interpreting it as a numeric value and returning it as a double.

Lastly, we utilize the `print()` function to display the result of the conversion, which is stored in the `myfloat` variable.

Output:

``````1974.6323
``````

The output of the code is the conversion of the string `1974.6323` into a high-precision double.

We use the `ast.literal_eval()` to safely evaluate the string `1974.6323` as a numeric value. The resulting output is the double value `1974.6323`, which accurately represents the original numeric value contained in the string.

## Convert a String to a Double in Python Using the `np.fromstring() ` Method

The `np.fromstring()` method is not typically used to convert a single number in a string like the `Decimal()` constructor. The `np.fromstring()` is usually used for converting a string that represents an array of numbers.

We can still use the `np.fromstring()` method from the `NumPy` library to convert a string to a double in Python. However, you need to make sure that the string is properly formatted to represent a sequence of numbers.

This method is useful when dealing with strings that represent numbers.

Syntax:

``````numpy.fromstring(string, dtype=float, count=-1, sep='')
``````

Parameters:

• `string` (required): This is the input string you want to convert to a `NumPy` array. It can be a binary or text string.
• `dtype` (optional): This parameter specifies the data type of the resulting `NumPy` array elements. In this case, we specify `dtype=float` to convert the string into a `NumPy` array of floating-point numbers.
• `count` (optional): This parameter specifies the number of elements to read from the input string. If not specified, or if set to `-1`, it reads all available elements.
• `sep` (optional): This parameter specifies the character used to separate the elements within the input string. The default separator is an empty string (`''`).

In the syntax, We use `numpy.fromstring()` to convert input strings into `NumPy` arrays, with options for data type, element count, and separator. The primary parameters include `string` (the input string), `dtype` (specifying the array’s data type), `count` (for element count), and `sep` (used to separate elements).

The default separator is an empty string, and `-1` for `count` reads all available elements. This function proves versatile for handling various data formats.

The code example below demonstrates how to use the `np.fromstring()` method to convert a string to a double in Python.

``````import numpy as np

string = '1974.6323'
double_array = np.fromstring(string, dtype=float, sep=' ')
myfloat = double_array[0] if len(double_array) > 0 else None

if myfloat is not None:
print(f"Converted Double: {myfloat}")
else:
print("Could not convert the string to a double.")
``````

In this code snippet, we first import the `NumPy` library as `np`. Next, we initialize the `string` variable with the value `1974.6323`, representing the numeric value to convert it into a double.

Then, we use the `np.fromstring()` method to perform the conversion, specifying the data type as `float` and the separator as a space (`' '`). The result is stored in `double_array`.

To ensure accuracy, we check if `double_array` is not empty. If successful, `myfloat` captures the converted double; otherwise, it’s set to `None`.

Conditional statements are employed to display the converted double or a message if the conversion fails.

The output confirms the conversion’s success, displaying `Converted Double: 1974.6323`. This method is handy for handling strings representing numerical values and includes error handling for possible conversion failures.

Output:

``````Converted Double: 1974.6323
``````

The output displays the successful conversion of the string `1974.6323` into a double using the `np.fromstring()` method. The code correctly parses the string as a single number.

Please keep in mind that this approach is intended to work with strings that represent sequences of numbers, and the string should be properly formatted. If the string format doesn’t match, you may encounter errors or incorrect results.

## Conclusion

In this article, we discussed several Python methods for converting a string to a double. We began with the `float()` function, which is a straightforward and widely used approach for this conversion.

We then delved into the `decimal.Decimal()` method, which offers high precision and is useful for scenarios where accuracy is paramount. Furthermore, we discussed the `ast.literal_eval()` method, a safe alternative to the `eval()` function for evaluating literal Python expressions within a string.

Finally, we explored the `np.fromstring()` method from the `NumPy` library, which is primarily designed for converting arrays of numbers within properly formatted strings. With these strategies, you now have the knowledge and tools to do string-to-double conversions in Python efficiently.