How to Securely Transfer Files and Directories Using SCP

  1. SCP Command
  2. Transfer Files and Directories Using scp

SCP, also known as secure copy, is a command-line utility to transfer files and directories from local to a remote system and vice-versa. It also allows us to transfer files and directories between two remote systems. The files and passwords are encrypted during the transfer so that it is a more secure way of transfer.

SCP Command

Syntax

scp [OPTION] [[email protected]]SRC_HOST:]file1 [[email protected]]DEST_HOST:]file2

Flags:

  • OPTION: It represents scp options such as cipher, ssh configuration, ssh port, limit, recursive copy …etc
  • [[email protected]]SRC_HOST:]file1: source file or directory to be copied
  • [[email protected]]DEST_HOST:]file2: path to the directory where the source file or directory needs to be copied

scp provides various options to control the transfer. Some of the most widely used options are:

-P Specify ssh port of remote host
-p Preserve files modification and access times.
-q Suppress the progress meter and error messages
-C Compress data while transfer
-r Copy files recursively.

Things to Be Noticed While Using scp Command:

  1. This command uses ssh key or password to authenticate remote systems.
  2. It recognizes remote systems with : symbol.
  3. We must have a look at read permissions of source file or directory and write permissions of destination file or directory.
  4. scp overwrites files without warning. So we must be careful during the transfer of files that share the same name and location on both systems.

Transfer Files and Directories Using scp

Copy a File From Local System to Remote System

scp main.py [email protected]:/Documents/directory

This command will prompt us for a user password and the transfer will start once we enter the correct password.

Output:

[email protected]'s password:
main.py                             100%    0     0.0KB/s   00:00

It copies the file main.py on our local system to the remote server with user-name remote_username and IP address 11.11.0.200. /Documents/directory represents the destination directory on the remote server where the file needs to be copied to. If the remote directory is not specified, the file will be copied to the remote machine’s home directory.

If the SSH on the remote is listening to other port than default port 22, we can specify the port using the -P option.

scp -P 8080 main.py [email protected]:/Documents/directory

Copy a Directory From the Local System to the Remote System

We must use -r argument with the scp command to transfer directories that represents a recursive transfer of all the files inside the directory.

scp -r /Documents/myapp [email protected]:/Documents/remote_app

It copies the directory myapp inside Documents directory on the local machine to the directory remote_app inside Documents of the remote machine.

Copy a File From the Remote System to the Local System

To copy a remote system file to the local system, we use a remote location as a source and local location as a destination.

scp [email protected]:/remote/main.py /Documents/local

It copies the file main.py from the remote system to our local system with destination directory /Documents/local.

Copy File From One Remote Location to Another Remote Location

scp [email protected]:/host1/main.py [email protected]:/host2

It copies the file /host1/main.py from the remote host with IP address 11.11.0.200 to the directory host2 in host with IP address 11.11.0.205.

To route the traffic through the machine in which the command is issued, we add the -3 option to the scp command.

scp -3 [email protected]:/host1/main.py [email protected]:/host2

Related Article - Linux Files and Directories

  • How to Extract Bzip2 Files Using Terminal
  • How to Rename Files and Directories Using Linux Terminal
  • comments powered by Disqus