In this tutorial, You will learn the file operation in git, like delete, move and rename files.
Git Delete Files
The easiest way to delete files from the tracking and eventually from the repository is
$ git rm tes2.txt rm 'test2.txt'
After you run this command, the file
test2.txt is deleted from the working folder and this delete information has been added to the staging area.
$ git status On branch master Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) deleted: test2.txt
Git Rename Files
If you rename the file in your working copy directly,
git regards this operation as two operations, the first one is to delete the files with the old new, and the second one is to add the newly-named file to the working copy.
$ git status On branch master Changes not staged for commit: (use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed) (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory) deleted: test1.txt Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) test1_rename.txt no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")
The drawback of such an operation is that it breaks the revision history of the file, and you could not get the revision history of this newly-named file earlier than this renaming moment. It is not desirable in the version control.
Git has a rename command to solve this broken linkage issue -
$ git mv test1.txt test1_rename.txt
mv means actually means
move, but here, moving from
test1_rename.txt also means renaming the file.
If you check the
git status now,
$ git status On branch master Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) renamed: test1.txt -> test1_rename.txt
Git Move Files
Similar to renaming files, moving files in the git also uses
git mv command, but the file destination is not the same directory of the moved file.
$ git mv test1_rename.txt move/test1.txt
move is the destination directory, and
test1.txt is the new name of the moved file
Let’s check the
$ git status On branch master Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) renamed: test1_rename.txt -> move/test1.txt
You could see, it is also a
renamed operation, but with a different destination.