Shebang in Python

Shebang in Python

Lakshay Kapoor Aug-10, 2021 Jun-03, 2021 Python Python Shebang
  1. shebang Definition
  2. shebang in Python

In this article, we’re going to talk about what shebang means in Python and how you can use it in a command. We’ve included an example program to help you understand the concept of Python shebang better.

shebang Definition

The shebang character sequence is a special character sequence in a script file denoted by #!. It helps in specifying the type of program that should be called to run the entire script file. The shebang character sequence is always used in the first line of any file.

The statement that mentions the program’s path is made by using the shebang character first and then the path of the interpreter program.

shebang in Python

For all the scripts that are to be executed in Python3, use the following command in the command line:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

Replace python3 with python2 if the script is only compatible with Python 2.7 version.

If the script is compatible with both Python 2 and Python 3, the following command can also be used:

#!/usr/bin/env python

This code is also understandable on Windows Python Launcher.

The program above is preferred when writing a shebang command in a virtual environment like pyenv. Previously known as Pythonbrew, pyenv is a simple Python version management tool that helps manage the Python version, install the latest Python versions, and create a virtual Python environment.

In most cases, a Python interpreter is installed at /usr/bin/python or /bin/python. In these two cases, the shebang statement will fail if the following command is used:

#!/usr/local/bin/python

In conclusion, the shebang command is just a way of denoting that the following script is executable. Therefore, the result of any python script will never be affected if the shebang command is executed, whether it is mentioned or not.