Not to Select the First Child in CSS

  1. Use the :not(selector) Selector Not to Select the First Child in CSS
  2. Style the First Child Individually Using the :first-child Selector Not to Select the First Child in CSS

In this article, we will learn how to utilize CSS Selectors not to select the first child.

Use the :not(selector) Selector Not to Select the First Child in CSS

We can use the :not(selector) selector to select every other element that is not the selected element. So, we can use the selector not to select the first child in CSS. We can use :first-child as the selector in the :not(selector) selector. In this way, we can apply styles to all the descendants of an element except the first one. Here, in browsers with CSS Selectors level 3 are supported, we can use the :not selector.

For example, create the body tag in HTML. Then, write three p tags and write some content of your choice between the tags. In CSS, select body p:not(:first-child) and set the color to red.

Here, in the snippet below, we can see that the body contains paragraphs, and all of them have their font color set as red except the first one. Thus, we can select all the children except the first child and apply styles. The :not selector, however, has certain limitations ( such as it can only process simple selectors as argument).

Code Example:

<body>
<p> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p> 
<p> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p> 
<p> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p> 
</body> 
body p:not(:first-child) {
color: red;
}

Style the First Child Individually Using the :first-child Selector Not to Select the First Child in CSS

We can set specific rules that override the rule previously set using the :first-child selector. By this technique, we can style all the children except the first child. Overriding the styles using the :first-child selector will make the first child appear different from the other children.

For example, use the same HTML structure as in the first method. In CSS, select the p tag and set the color to blue. Next, select the first child as body p:first-child and then set the color to black.

Here, the default style for the paragraphs except the first one is set as color: blue, whereas it is overridden by color: black using the :first-child selector. Thus, we can use the :first-child selector not to select the first child.

Code Example:

p{
color:blue;
}
body p:first-child {
color: black;
}
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