# String to Hex in Python

Hexadecimal values have a base of 16. In Python, hexadecimal strings are prefixed with `0x`.

The `hex()` function is used to convert a decimal integer to its respective hexadecimal number. For example,

``````a = 102
print(hex(a))
``````

Output:

``````0x66
``````

We can also convert float values to hexadecimal using the `hex()` function with the `float()` function. The following code implements this.

``````a = 102.18
print(float.hex(a))
``````

Output:

``````0x1.98b851eb851ecp+6
``````

We cannot convert a string using this function. So if we have a situation where we have a hexadecimal string and want to convert it into the hexadecimal number, we cannot do it directly. For such cases, we have to convert this string to the required decimal value using the `int()` function and then convert it to the hexadecimal number using the `hex()` function discussed earlier.

The following code shows this.

``````hex_s = '0xEFA'
a = int(hex_s,16)
hex_n = hex(a)
print(hex_n)
``````

Output:

``````0xefa
``````

Characters in the string do not have any corresponding hexadecimal value. However, if we convert a string to a bytes type object, using the `encode()` function, we can convert it to its hexadecimal value using the `hex()` function.

For example,

``````s= 'Sample String'.encode('utf-8')
print(s.hex())
``````

Output:

``````53616d706c6520537472696e67
``````

In the above code, we encode the string in the `utf-8` type and convert it into byte types.

Author: Manav Narula

Manav is a IT Professional who has a lot of experience as a core developer in many live projects. He is an avid learner who enjoys learning new things and sharing his findings whenever possible.

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